A study in Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science showed a direct association between diabetes or higher long-term hyperglycemia and higher intraocular pressure that is not mediated by central corneal thickness, which could increase an individual's risk of glaucoma. Singaporean researchers used a cohort of 2,524 diabetes patients and found a consistent association between IOP elevation and diabetes or high A1C levels and between diabetes and shorter axial length and thicker CCT.
Individuals with obesity who were on the 16:8 diet had lower blood pressure, lost 3% of their body weight and consumed 350 fewer calories than those on an alternate day fasting diet, according to a study in the journal Nutrition and Healthy Aging. Researchers based their findings on 23 obese study participants with a mean age of 45 and average body mass index of 35.
Aetna polled 1,000 consumers ages 18 and older and found those ages 18 to 34 use digital health tools more often and more view virtual office visits as valuable, compared with consumers older than 65. When asked about patients' top concerns, 80% of respondents cited privacy, followed by data security at 76% and cost of care at 73%.
Medtronic and Nutrino have partnered to integrate the latter's AI-powered nutrition program, FoodPrint Report technology, into Medtronic's iPro2 myLog continuous glucose monitoring app to provide insights into users' diet, their reactions to various foods, and the link between meals and glucose variability. The groups may extend the collaboration to incorporate data and insights from Nutrino's platform into all of Medtronic's Diabetes Group businesses.
Researchers found that 17.8% and 5.8% of children and teens ages 2 to 19 in the US were obese and severely obese, respectively, between 2013 and 2016. The findings in the Journal of the American Medical Association also showed that severe obesity was significantly more common among youths in nonmetropolitan statistical areas, and both obesity and severe obesity were significantly more prevalent among blacks and Hispanics.
Employers are paying more attention to employee retention, and experts say the first step is to ensure a streamlined, engaging onboarding process. Other engagement and retention tools include personalized employee development plans, regular reviews that highlight progress and examine goals, and flexible work options that can boost productivity and employee satisfaction.
Wellness programs that offer a financial reward to quit smoking may be more effective than programs that offer only smoking-cessation aids such as nicotine patches and gum. However, the "communication strategy around incentives is important in helping to find that motivation regardless, of the dollar amount," said Christine Brophy, director of research and development for Vitality Group.
Cancer patients who took part in an exercise therapy program doubled their peak oxygen consumption, compared with no change in the cohort that did not exercise, suggesting that exercise therapy can help cancer patients improve or recover cardiorespiratory fitness, according to a meta-analysis published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. More research is needed to determine optimal timing and duration of exercise therapy, the researchers said.
Researchers found that individuals with recent-onset diabetes were at a more than twofold higher risk of developing pancreatic cancer compared to those with long-term diabetes across all ages. The findings in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, based on 48,995 individuals from the Multiethnic Cohort, revealed that the hazard ratio for recent-onset diabetes was 3.38 in African-Americans and 4.08 in Latinos at age 75.
The Labor Department issued a final rule that will make it easier for small businesses and self-employed individuals to join together to purchase cheaper association health plans that skirt some Affordable Care Act requirements. Labor Secretary R. Alexander Acosta said the new plans "will offer more health care coverage options at a better price," but a recent Avalere Health analysis showed expansion of association health plans would cause 3.2 million people to leave the ACA markets by 2022 and raise premiums for those still in the individual market by 3.5%.
- Page 1