Apple has touted its latest Apple Watch, which has FDA-approved heart monitoring features, as a tool for consumers to proactively monitor their health, but some cardiologists worry it could trigger unnecessary anxiety and unneeded care among users. Some doctors say heart rhythms vary naturally and expressed concern that the device could signal a problem when there isn't one, prompting a cascade of medical visits and tests, but others say the watch may benefit people with irregular heart rhythms who are not aware they have an issue.
The Senate voted 99-1 to approve a bipartisan legislative package consisting of 70 bills designed to combat the opioid crisis, including measures that would provide the US Postal Service with more tools to block illegal fentanyl shipments, offer incentives to the National Institutes of Health to prioritize non-opioid painkiller development, and give the FDA the authority to require drugmakers to package opioids in smaller quantities. The package must be reconciled with House legislation that passed earlier this year.
Prenatal tests during her pregnancy led social work student Janelle Cassola to confront her ableism and better prepare her to counsel people with disabilities. Seeing the possibility of a child's disability solely through a medical model emphasizes the negative and neglects more positive perspectives, Cassola writes.
Higher executive function performance at baseline was associated with slower A1C increases between late adolescence and early emerging adulthood among teenagers with type 1 diabetes, while higher IQ was tied to lower A1C levels at baseline, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Researchers analyzed 220 high school seniors, mean age of 17.77, and found a correlation between self-reported issues with executive function and worse glycemic control and poorer treatment adherence at baseline, but these issues did not predict changes in treatment adherence or A1C levels over time.
Finnish researchers used a cohort of 434,629 adults with and without diabetes and found those with diabetes, especially insulin users, had higher rates of mortality due to accidents, alcohol-related causes and suicide than those without the disease. The findings in the European Journal of Endocrinology highlighted the importance of providing social and psychological support for patients with diabetes.
Oramed Pharmaceuticals' investigative new drug application for ORMD-0901, an oral capsule being developed to treat type 2 diabetes, was approved by the FDA. The company plans to start an early-stage pharmacokinetics study, which will be followed by a Phase II trial next year.
A study in the journal Public American Nutrition showed that 55% and 41% of 1,112 US adults surveyed have reduced their consumption of processed and red meat, respectively, while 37% have increased their poultry and seafood consumption. Most of the respondents who reduced their meat intake chose vegetables or other meat alternatives, such as additional dairy products, cheese and eggs, and those who reported reducing their meat consumption did so by choosing to have meatless days or meatless meals, buying less meat, reducing portion sizes or avoiding meat entirely.
Based on 195 individuals with obesity, researchers found that those whose taste preferences changed from junk foods before undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass to healthy foods after the procedure lost the most weight. The findings, published in PLOS ONE, also showed that people who underwent bariatric surgery and enjoyed the smell of coffee more after the procedure also lost more weight.
Children in homes with the highest use of antibacterial household cleaning products had a two times increased likelihood of developing Lachnospiraceae-enriched gut bacteria at ages 3 months and 4 months, which was associated with higher body mass index scores and increased odds of overweight and obesity at ages 1 year and 3 years, compared with those with less exposure to household cleaners, researchers reported in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. However, the findings showed higher odds of normal weight among those with daily exposure to eco-friendly cleaners.
An HHS report found differences in policies, regulations and statutes governing data collection efforts, different technology formats for data analysis and access, disclosure risk management, and constraints related to data resources and norms are among the challenges that prevent 11 HHS sister agencies from sharing data between them. "Creating a robust technical environment for data analysis, workflow management, and streamlining data acquisition will be essential," according to the report.
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