An emergency department nurse improperly accessed the health records of 1,309 patients at Palomar Health in Escondido, Calif., between Feb. 10, 2016, and May 7, 2017, a hospital spokesman said. The information accessed included patients' names, medical record numbers, medications and dates of birth, but financial and/or insurance information was accessed in only four cases.
Dogs and people are prone to many of the same cancers, and clinical trials conducted in canine patients may ultimately benefit both, researchers say. Pet dogs are excellent cancer avatars not only because of their genetic similarity to people, but also because they live in the same environments we do, notes veterinarian and oncologist Douglas Thamm.
A study of opossums, rabbits, armadillos and hyraxes showed that placental mammals evolved to mute an inflammatory response to an egg implanting in the placenta, thus enabling extended gestation. Decidual cells, which form in the uterine lining early in pregnancy, persist through delivery in mice and humans but disappear quickly in many other placental mammals, suggesting that cells might moderate the inflammatory response and result in miscarriage if the process goes awry.
Workflow problems surrounding MHS Genesis, the Defense Department's new EHR, prompted the DOD and Cerner to delay the system's implementation for eight weeks. The delay will allow Cerner and DOD officials to evaluate pilot implementations at four sites in Washington state, including Fairchild Air Force Base and Madigan Army Medical Center.
Mission Health in Asheville, N.C., has seen an increase in the use of its Mission Virtual Clinic telemedicine program since its launch in October 2016, with a record 178 total patient visits in November. The platform integrates the provider's Cerner EHR system with telemedicine technology from Zipnosis, allowing patients to receive services such as influenza and strep throat testing through the virtual clinic.
Nearly every approved drug is tested on animals at some point in development, and product labels that reflect this fact could raise the public's appreciation of animal research, writes postdoctoral fellow Shaun Khoo. Labels that note animal testing would enhance discussions about the ethical use of animals and would allow consumers to decide whether the benefits of a given treatment outweigh any perceived ethical cost, Khoo writes.
An experimental cytomegalovirus-based tuberculosis vaccine reduced or prevented infection in 70% of rhesus macaques exposed to a virulent strain of the virus a year after inoculation, researchers reported in Nature Medicine. About 40% of the macaques showed no sign of infection, and 30% developed a comparatively mild infection.
An experimental drug suppressed HIV to undetectable levels, protected immune cells and worked synergistically with existing HIV treatments in HIV-infected mice with transplanted human blood cells. The research is published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Many countries specify minimum space allowances and other requirements for laboratory mice, but the guidelines are often based on common practice instead of evidence, and a study published in Scientific Reports found that space allowance has little effect on lab mouse health. Other studies have found that shelter and nesting material more strongly affected mouse welfare than the provision of extra space, and future studies should investigate the effects of floor area and group size along with structural enrichment, writes researcher Jeremy Bailoo.
An investigation published in The BMJ showed that researchers misrepresented the results of animal studies on a tuberculosis vaccine so that clinical trials could advance, but critics of animal research who are pointing to the episode as justification are wrong, says FBR President Matthew R. Bailey. "Animal research clearly has had a critical role in the 53 million lives saved from tuberculosis since 2000, in large part because of vaccines," Bailey said. "Animal research continues to yield extremely important safety and efficacy data, which is why regulatory bodies around the world require it."
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