Ben Carson, President-elect Donald Trump's choice for secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, said he won't end social safety-net programs. Speaking at Yale, Carson said he wants to create more pathways for people to graduate from such programs.
Patients with well-controlled type 2 diabetes who received combined basal insulin and glucagonlike peptide receptor agonist had the lowest incidence of hypoglycemia and lower daily glucose standard deviation, compared with groups taking basal insulin and oral antidiabetes medications, basal-bolus insulin or premixed insulin, according to a study in Diabetes Care. The findings were based on a cohort of 160 patients with a body mass index of 45 kg/m2 or lower, ages 18 to 80.
A study in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism showed that decreased levels of free triiodothyronine and free triiodothyronine-to-free thyroxine ratio, as well as increased free thyroxine concentrations, were associated with the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in adults. Chinese researchers evaluated 15,296 adults and found a correlation between gradual increases in thyroid stimulating hormone concentrations, free T3 and free T3/free T4 ratios and adjusted odds ratio of type 2 diabetes among men, compared with those with the lowest thyroid hormone concentrations.
Researchers using functional MRI found that depression subtypes 1 and 4, which are tied to increased anxiety symptoms, had the most reduced connectivity in the fronto-amygdala networks and subtypes 3 and 4, which are tied to increased psychomotor retardation and anhedonia, had prominent thalamic and frontostriatal network hyperconnectivity. The findings in Nature Medicine, based on imaging from more than 1,100 healthy individuals and patients with clinical depression, showed subtypes respond differently to treatment, leading researchers to suggest fMRI could be used to help physicians select targeted depression treatments.
Registered dietitian Sally Kuzemchak says foods fortified with dehydrated or pureed vegetables and fruits may be more nutritious, but serving them to children sends mixed messages about healthy eating. Kuzemchak says children need to learn to love the flavor of fruits and vegetables, but hiding them in other foods does not accomplish that goal.
A healthy diet was associated with a lower risk of early death and lower mortality rates for kidney disease patients, according to an analysis of seven studies reported in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. The research did not find a link between eating a healthy diet and risk of kidney failure.
A study published in Public Health Nutrition found mothers who used expressed breast milk tended to change to infant formula sooner than those who directly breastfed their infants. Researchers found higher rates of using expressed milk among women with a planned caesarean delivery, those without breast-milk feeding experience, those who returned to work postpartum and those who supplemented with infant formula.
Contact with an online predator can do lasting psychological harm to a child or adolescent, including PTSD, a police social worker warns. Melissa Moore of Wilmington, N.C., and other officials urge parents to install tracking devices and controls on children's cell phones, along with limiting their internet use and time spent on internet-enabled gaming consoles.
Nearly 60% of transgender Americans say they've avoided using public restrooms for fear of harassment and assault. Almost one-third have avoided eating or drinking so they would not have to use the restroom.
Kansas' Department for Children and Families is making several changes in response to a critical audit. These include measures to recruit more social workers, such as increased pay and an examination of the licensing process.
- Page 1