Students of color more often are referred for special-education testing when they exhibit emotional or behavioral problems than white students with similar problems, according to a recent study from researchers at New York University's Steinhardt School. The study found that black and Latino students also were less likely to be labeled as gifted.
Adults who drank at least two 200ml servings of soft drinks daily, even if these were the diet versions, were at a 2.4 increased likelihood of developing latent autoimmune diabetes, a form of type 2 diabetes, with those who drank one liter daily at a 10-fold greater risk, according to a Swedish study in the European Journal of Endocrinology.
A study in Diabetologia found that patients, with a mean age of 60, had longer walks when they were told to walk right after each meal and had greater drops in postmeal blood glucose levels than when they walked for 30 minutes a day. A second study in the journal revealed that those whose physical activity levels reached 60 metabolic equivalent of task hours per week had a more than 50% reduction in diabetes risk, compared with those who had lower levels of physical activity.
A study in Emergency Medicine Journal showed that both glucose tablets and dietary sugars contributed to an increase in blood glucose levels among diabetes patients; however, people who consumed dietary sugars were 11% less likely to feel an improvement in their symptoms within 15 minutes, compared with those taking glucose tablets.
A teal-colored pumpkin on the front porch this Halloween signifies a house is allergy-friendly for trick-or-treaters with food allergies, writes dietetic intern Rebecca Richards. Non-food treat options can include stickers, glow bracelets or spider rings, Richards says.
Digestive health was a major theme for the American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics' 2016 Food and Nutrition Conference and Expo, said registered dietitian nutritionist Janet Helm. The conference included a Healthy Gut Pavilion, education sessions on the microbiome and the gut-brain highway, and displays of low-FODMAP, probiotic and fermented foods, Helm said.
Overweight and obese older adults who did resistance training and adhered to a restricted-calorie diet lost weight and improved some metabolic markers, while those who only did the exercises did not, according to a study in the journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. The calorie-restricted group followed a diet that included meal replacements and met weekly with a registered dietitian.
Of the more than 40 million US adults with a mental health condition, 56% go without treatment, according to the third annual State of Mental Health Report. Meanwhile, about 60% of young people with major depression are not getting mental health treatment.
Good news about social work doesn't draw the same amount of media attention as tragic stories and it is time to "change the narrative," writes Carol Bonner, associate dean of the School of Social Work at Salem State University. "For every negative story, there are multiple stories of social workers improving lives, especially the lives of society's most vulnerable," she writes.
The FDA is struggling to keep up with the rise in orphan drug submissions, which have doubled since 2010, because incentives and greater patient advocate involvement have encouraged more drugmakers to develop drugs for rare diseases, according to agency officials at the National Organization for Rare Disorders Breakthrough Summit. FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Director Janet Woodcock said the agency's problem is its failure to recruit and retain adequate staff, not the increase of development programs.
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