Veterinarian Jim Holcomb of Hill Country Animal Hospital in Austin, Texas, said rattlesnakes are beginning to come out of hibernation, a time when they are more likely to bite. Pet owners who live in areas where bites may occur can ask a veterinarian about a vaccine that helps dogs recover after they are bitten by a venomous snake.
Veterinarians in the UK and the US have raised concerns about health issues caused when cats and dogs are bred to have short snouts, and the growing trend of breeding brachycephalic rabbits has provoked a similar outcry. The rabbits may experience dental problems, eye issues, infections and even brain abnormalities as a result of the malformation, says AVMA spokeswoman Sharon Granskog, so the AVMA encourages dialogue between veterinarians and breeders to ensure animal welfare is prioritized.
People with diabetes had significantly reduced numbers of small blood vessels around the heart, increasing their risk of heart attack, compared with those without diabetes, according to a study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. German researchers experimented on animals and used genetic therapy to stimulate the growth of pericytes, which helped with the growth of functional and lasting blood vessels.
A study in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism showed that women with increased pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A concentrations had a lower risk of developing gestational diabetes and had reduced insulin resistance at week 28, compared with those with lower concentrations of plasma protein-A. UK researchers analyzed serum samples from 821 pregnant women and found that pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A was negatively associated with both week 28 fasting glucose concentrations and 60-minute glucose concentrations.
In the uncertainty following the withdrawal of House Republicans' attempt to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act, some White House officials and lawmakers suggested the door could be open for a bipartisan effort to address health care. "With the demise of the House bill, there's a real window of opportunity for a bipartisan approach to health care," said Sen. Susan Collins, R-Maine.
When GOP leaders pulled the proposed American Health Care Act from the House floor Friday after falling short on votes, Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis., called the Affordable Care Act "the law of the land," and it appeared the administration would move on to other priorities. But Republicans speaking over the weekend said their efforts to reshape health care are not finished, and some advocated for a bipartisan approach.
Short bursts of high-intensity exercise may yield greater cardiometabolic benefits than longer periods of lighter physical activity for overweight children with high insulin levels, according to a study in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center researcher Justin Moore said as little as 10 minutes per day of intense physical activity may help children achieve or maintain cardiac and metabolic health.
Only 20% of teens with eating disorders pursued treatment, researchers reported in the International Journal of Eating Disorders. The findings, based on a cross-sectional study involving youths ages 13 to 18 in the US, showed higher odds of seeking treatment among girls and those with anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, compared with boys and those with binge-eating disorder.
Registered dietitians say the naturally occurring sugar contained in whole fruit has essential vitamins and does not have the same effect on the body as the sugar contained in candy or snacks. RD Jim White said sugar in fruit contains fiber that helps it break down more slowly, reducing the effect on blood sugar levels and the likelihood the energy will be stored as fat.
Massachusetts General Hospital and the nonprofit Community Servings in Boston are studying whether providing home-delivered, medically tailored meals to people with chronic diseases can help reduce hospitalizations and health costs. Community Servings is provided information on patients' medical concerns, and its dietitians design a meal plan from 17 medical diets created for specific health conditions.
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