Veterinarian Lisa Sulewski says some of the thousands of kinds of mushrooms found outside are safe for dogs to eat but others can be fatal, causing death within a few days without treatment. It's best to prevent dogs from ingesting any mushrooms, and if exposure occurs, watch for vomiting, diarrhea, seizures and other problems that require immediate attention from a veterinarian.
University of Saskatchewan researchers have developed a vaccine for porcine epidemic diarrhea virus, a highly contagious disease of swine that kills as many as 100% of piglets that become infected, and field testing is underway. Developers have partnered with Huvepharma to bring the vaccine to market in North America after research showed it protected up to 100% of piglets.
Austrian researchers found that type 1 diabetes patients who smoke had significantly higher A1C, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels than nonsmokers. The findings in Diabetes Care, based on data from the T1D Exchange Registry in the US and the Prospective Diabetes Follow-up Registry in Austria and Germany involving 20,405 adults with type 1 diabetes, also showed smoking may increase the risk of vascular complications.
The one-year risk for acute dialysis among type 2 diabetes patients was 142.7 per 100,000 for metformin users, compared with 92.4 per 100,000 for patients taking sulfonylurea, according to a study in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism. Danish researchers used a cohort of 168,443 drug-naive type 2 diabetes patients, ages 50 and older, and found that treatment with metformin increased a person's one-year risk of acute dialysis by about 50%.
A Puerto Rican man between the ages of 35 and 45 died due to Guillain-Barré syndrome. It was the territory's first fatal case of paralysis related to Zika virus infection.
Researchers looked at 323 episodes of 17 TV shows rated TV-Y7, TV-PG, TV-14 or TV-MA and found that 70% of episodes contained violence, 58% showed alcohol use and 31% showed smoking. The findings in Pediatrics also showed that 73% of TV-Y7 shows contained violence.
High-intensity interval training and aerobic-based endurance exercises can work together as part of an overall routine, but separately have benefits and drawbacks, fitness experts said. HIIT has physiological benefits but cannot be done every day due to the stress it puts on the body, while aerobic exercises can be done daily and can help people recover from HIIT, experts said.
A Finnish study in Occupational and Environmental Medicine found men aged 18 to 24 years old who had done heavy physical work had more than twice the risk of having radiating low back pain in middle age, compared with those who had done little or no physical work. Meanwhile, the risk was twofold in women with at least medium physical work and fourfold in those with heavy physical work, compared with those who reported little or no physical work, according to the findings based on 738 adults.
A study in the journal Cancer found that socioeconomic factors such as education level, household income and marital status have a greater impact on multiple myeloma survival than race or ethnicity, clarifying previous research showing worse outcomes among ethnic minority groups.
Researchers examined MRI scans from 45 babies and fetuses in Brazil whose mothers were either confirmed or suspected to have Zika virus infections during gestation and found that nearly 100% had ventriculomegaly or enlarged brain ventricles, while about 100% and nearly 80% of those in the confirmed and presumed groups, respectively, had corpus callosum abnormalities. The findings in the journal Radiology, also showed that fetuses and infants had other brain abnormalities such as loss of gray and white matter, fluid buildup, and brain stem problems.
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