Nutrition experts say the list of most popular healthy foods of 2016 includes matcha, bone broth, aquafaba, insects, avocado toast, cauliflower rice and poke. Registered dietitian Cynthia Sass said aquafaba, the low-calorie liquid found in a can of pulses, can be whipped into foam and used as a plant-based substitute for cream or egg whites in recipes.
Urine haptoglobin is a biomarker for predicting kidney damage in patients with type 2 diabetes and may be used with urine albumin, Chinese researchers reported in Diabetes Care. The study showed that the overall incidence of chronic renal insufficiency was 13.3% among type 2 diabetes patients with haptoglobinuria, 9.5% among those with microalbuminuria, 22.4% in those with both microalbuminuria and haptoglobinuria, and 3.2% among patients without haptoglobinuria or MAU.
Diabetes patients with high levels of lipoprotein(a) had a significantly higher cumulative incidence of acute coronary syndrome and cardiac death after undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, compared with those who had low Lp(a) levels, according to a study in The American Journal of Cardiology. The findings, based on 1,136 patients, revealed no significant difference in the event rate of all-cause mortality between the two groups.
A review of 72 studies found low-carbohydrate diets may lead to modest, short-term weight loss, compared with other diets, but data did not support long-term conclusions, researchers reported in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. The studies showed mixed data on how low-carbohydrate diets affect lipids and blood pressure.
Studies suggest choosing foods that support digestive health may have physical and mental benefits, said registered dietitian nutritionist Carrie Dennett. This type of diet includes reducing consumption of animal fats and processed foods, increasing servings of plant-based options, adding fermented foods to the menu and not eating when stressed, angry or sad, Dennett said.
Nutritional supplement company GNC Holdings will pay a $2.25 million fine to settle allegations it sold unlawful dietary products, according to the US Department of Justice. The company said it would change its business practices to avoid selling unlawful products.
Integrated chronic care models that use evidence-based interventions will offer the most effective treatment for childhood obesity, researchers reported in the journal Obesity. Report authors said family-based therapy was most consistent with US Preventive Services Task Force recommendations on treating childhood obesity.
A study in the Journal of Dairy Science found using LED lights instead of fluorescent lights in display cases can improve the taste of milk and reduce energy bills. Researchers said fluorescent light may cause riboflavin in milk to oxidize, which changes the taste of the milk and reduces its nutrient content.
Exercise may have an effect on the body's immune system that can leave people more vulnerable to infections, according to Jonathan Peake and Oliver Neubauer of Queensland University of Technology in Australia. They said data show regular moderate exercise may help protect against upper respiratory infection while intense exercise increases the risk, although eating carbohydrates with a workout can help reduce the effect by maintaining blood glucose levels.
Nebraska's Loomis Public Schools is working with donors to include more local beef in student lunches. The district wants to offer local beef two or three times a week, and a donation of one beef animal can provide 1,600 servings.
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