A study of the immune cells of 22 people found that micro RNAs that restrict HIV replication are downregulated in the macrophages of heroine users. The research in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology found that HIV replication increased in in-vitro tests when the cells where exposed to heroin.
A platform called the Joint Legacy Viewer has been developed by the Department of Defense to allow clinicians to access both military and Department of Veterans Affairs patient records. The tool is intended to speed disability assessment, improve care coordination and meet the National Defense Authorization Act's interoperability goal.
Researchers evaluated the health records of almost half a million people in a Denmark county and found that 1,285 amputations were performed on patients with diabetes and 1,547 for people without the disease between 1996 and 2011. The findings in Diabetologia suggest that an improvement in diabetes care led to a decreases of between 3% and 15% in the rates of amputations among diabetes patients.
People with diabetes were more likely to have high levels of stress and/or depressive symptoms, which correlated with an increased incidence of stroke and cardiovascular death, than those without the disease, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Researchers followed 22,003 adults with and without diabetes for an average of 5.95 years and found higher rates of cardiovascular death among diabetes patients with elevated stress and depressive symptoms. That correlation was not found among patients without diabetes.
A pilot risk-alert initiative launched through the partnership between CoverMyMeds and Prime Therapeutics has helped cut the number of senior Medicare beneficiaries who were prescribed high-risk medications. Real-time messaging notified providers of treatment-associated risks and offered alternative medication suggestions, and more than half the time, prescribers went with the alternative suggestions, putting fewer patients at risk.
A study in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives showed infants exposed to high arsenic levels from well water while inside the womb had a higher risk of upper and lower respiratory tract infections, as well as respiratory symptoms such as wheezing, during their first year. Researchers studied a cohort of 412 pregnant women in New Hampshire and found that infants who had arsenic exposure in the womb had more infections that required a visit to the doctor or treatment with prescription medications.
Pumpkin is the ubiquitous icon for fall and Thanksgiving and aside from being a decoration, its flesh and seeds are used in a variety of healthy recipes and as flavoring. There are different types of pumpkins, which are low-fat and good sources of vitamins A, B and C. Registered dietitian nutritionist Anne Davis says compared with pumpkin, the same serving size of sweet potato has three times the calories.
A study in the Annals of Internal Medicine showed women with a history of gestational diabetes had a 57% reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes when they breast-fed for more than 10 months compared with those who breast-fed for two months or less. Women who breast-fed between two months and 10 months had about a 50% reduced risk. The findings were based on more than 900 women who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
Moderate exercise that increases the brain's cortical thickness, which atrophies during Alzheimer's disease, may improve cardiorespiratory fitness in older adults, University of Maryland researchers reported in the Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. The study found the benefits were seen in healthy adults as well as those with mild cognitive impairment.
An analysis of data from 1,938 patients in a nationwide hospital database found that 30-day readmission rates of atrial fibrillation patients were comparable whether they received dabigatran or warfarin. Length of stay was 13% lower in the dabigatran group compared with the warfarin group. The findings were reported in the Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy.
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