Data showed an average of 47.7% of US medical care was provided through hospital emergency departments from 1996 to 2010, and ED visits increased 44% over that period, according to a study in the International Journal of Health Services. African-Americans had a higher ED use rate than other racial groups and people who were uninsured or on Medicare or Medicaid were more likely to have an ED visit than patients with commercial health insurance.
A CDC report found 48.3% of US adults with hypertension had it under control in 2015-2016 and high blood pressure was more common among non-Hispanic black adults than other race or ethnic groups. Overall, 29% of adults had high blood pressure and the rate of controlled hypertension increased with age.
Registered dietitian Cara Rosenbloom says her four favorite foods that are rich in good fats are almonds, avocados, olive oil and chia seeds. These foods have health benefits and add flavor to meals, but they still can be high in calories so portion control is important, Rosenbloom says.
University of Tennessee veterinarians Andrew Cushing and Kyle Snowdon used a 3D printer to create a small, lightweight mask for an endangered black-breasted leaf turtle at Zoo Knoxville that had a puncture hole in her right nostril caused by an injury of unknown cause. The injury had also destroyed the hard palate in the roof of the turtle's mouth, so Drs. Cushing and Snowdon secured the mask with a screw through the existing puncture hole, and it's held in place by a composite resin that acts as a hard palate.
Injecting a combination of the vascular endothelial growth factor gene VEGF164 and bone morphogenetic protein 2 into the tendons and ligaments of injured horses allowed the animals to walk and trot within three weeks and gallop within two months, researchers reported in Frontiers in Veterinary Science. "If this treatment becomes accessible in the veterinary clinics, we may be able to treat lameness and the pain and get racing horses, other working horse and pet horses back to health and may mean that they are not euthanized, in pain or unable to have a healthy life," said study leader Catrin Rutland.
Cats that are too unsociable to be adopted are getting a second chance through the Working Cats program established about four years ago by Philadelphia's Animal Care and Control Team. The Working Cats and similar programs across the country place unsociable cats in factories, warehouses, breweries, stables, farms and condominium complexes, where the cats keep rodent populations under control.
A bipartisan agreement struck by Sens. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., and Patty Murray, D-Wash., to stabilize Affordable Care Act markets by funding cost-sharing reduction payments through 2019 experienced major setbacks Wednesday after several key congressional Republicans said they opposed the proposal and President Donald Trump withdrew his support. The future of the deal is now in doubt with only a few senators announcing support for the plan, including Sens. John McCain, R-Ariz., Susan Collins, R-Maine, and Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska.
A study in the Journal of Clinical Oncology showed that women with type 2 diabetes who received insulin glargine for five or more years were at an almost twofold increased risk of developing breast cancer, while those who switched to insulin glargine from using another insulin were at a nearly 1.5-fold higher risk, compared with those on neutral protamine Hagedorn insulin and on insulin detemir. Canadian researchers used a cohort of 22,395 women and found that the association between insulin glargine and breast cancer risk was only significant among prior insulin users and not among new users.
Researchers found that individuals with impaired glucose regulation and at lowest risk of developing diabetes had an 8% absolute risk reduction for progressing to diabetes mellitus and a 35% greater absolute likelihood of regressing to normal glucose regulation after adhering to a lifestyle intervention, while the rates were 0% and 17% in the metformin group, compared with the placebo group. The findings in Diabetes Care showed that those at highest risk of diabetes had an ARR of 39% and 25% among those who adhered to a lifestyle and metformin intervention, respectively, and a 24% and 11% greater absolute likelihood of reverting to NGR.
The FDA has granted OptiScan Biomedical 510(k) clearance for its OptiScanner 5000 glucose monitoring system, an automated bedside technology that provides information for managing blood glucose levels of patients in surgical intensive care units. The system alerts clinicians of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia in patients using alarms and updates every 15 minutes with a new measure of plasma glucose levels.
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