Minnesota health officials have opened an expanded poultry testing facility in order to more efficiently and rapidly check samples for avian influenza and other diseases that affect poultry. State veterinarian Beth Thompson said having the lab's faster results on avian influenza will improve disease response times and should enable scientists to more rapidly contain any outbreak.
People whose diet quality decreased by more than 10% over four years were at a 34% increased likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a study in Diabetes Care. The findings, based on the Health Professionals Follow-up Study and the Nurses' Health Study I and II involving 124,607 adults without diabetes, revealed 32% of the new cases of diabetes were attributed to changes in body mass index.
The US ranked 47th in a 50-country comparison of physical fitness levels among children ages 9 to 17, according to a study in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Data showed that countries with higher income inequality were more likely to have less physically fit youths, with Tanzania, Iceland, Estonia, Norway and Japan having the most fit children and Mexico having the least fit.
Only 10% of young gay and bisexual men use pre-exposure prophylaxis, with black and Latino youths reporting less awareness of PrEP than their white counterparts, according to a study by APLA Health and the California HIV/AIDS Research Program.
Breakthrough PET probes specific to epidermal growth factor receptor 1 and human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 developed by researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center identified cell surface receptor changes in breast cancer and provided real-time data allowing them to block cancer cells with increased cell surface receptor. The findings in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine suggest the approach could be used to image many specific cell processes and may help optimize treatment and prevent unnecessary biopsies, said researcher Dr. Umar Mahmood.
Experts say diet and exercise play a role in fighting belly fat, but reducing stress and obtaining adequate sleep also are important. Registered dietitian Rebecca Mohning says good hydration and getting plenty of fiber and complex carbohydrates are part of a fat-burning diet, but getting enough sleep is most important, followed by stress reduction, nutrition and exercise.
An analysis of data from eight studies found weight loss strategies can be just as successful for people who have the FTO gene -- known as the obesity gene -- as they are for those without it, researchers reported in The BMJ. Researchers said efforts to reduce obesity should focus on healthier eating habits and exercise, which can help people lose weight long-term regardless of whether they have genes linked to obesity.
Home delivery meal services that provide fresh ingredients and preparation instructions can be healthy and convenient, and even teach people how to cook, but dietitians say they also can be expensive and high in calories. Registered dietitian Sheryl Lozicki says dinners can cost $10 or more per person and dietitian Paul Halloran says 750 calories may be too much for just one meal.
Washington's Clallam County Jail treats inmates with anti-craving drug Suboxone in the state's only jail-based medically assisted drug treatment program.
"They are still returning to the social environment they came from before ... but at least they are not craving narcotics, feeling miserable and wanting to use," jail physician Art Tordini said.
Many schools lack guidance and mental health services for the estimated 35 million US children who live with trauma, the Center for American Progress reports. Minority children are especially underserved and are more likely than white children to be punished for small disruptions that signal a need for help, the organization says.
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