A study in the journal Addiction found strong evidence that alcohol consumption can cause oropharynx, larynx, esophagus, liver, colon, rectum, and female breast cancer. Researcher Jennie Connor of the University of Otago in New Zealand said while other studies have found a causal effect between alcohol and cancer, there is confusion about the link and she wanted to "clarify the strength of the evidence" making the connection.
The t:slim insulin pump from Tandem Diabetes Care has received clearance from the FDA for an expanded indication and can now be used for patients ages 6 years and older. The touchscreen pump, which monitors insulin levels and carries 300 units of insulin, was previously cleared for patients as young as 12 years old.
Women with a reproductive span of less than 30 years had a 37% increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, while those with more than 45 reproductive years had a 23% increased risk, compared with those who had medium-length reproductive span of 36 to 40 years, according to a study in Menopause. Researchers used a cohort of 124,379 women in the Women's Health Initiative and found a 1.04 and 1.08 higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes among those who had their final menstruation period before age 45 or after age 55, respectively, compared with women who had their final period between ages 46 and 55.
German researchers found that type 1 diabetes patients who received subcutaneous abdominal injections of insulin lispro into lipohypertrophic tissue had reduced insulin absorption, but increased instrasubject variability, than those in the normal adipose tissue group. The findings in Diabetes Care, based on 13 type 1 diabetes patients, showed those who received LHT injections also increased their postprandial blood glucose concentrations by 26% or more, with maximum concentrations occurring later, and had less frequent hypoglycemic events.
A meta-analysis of data on more than 1 million people found doing an hour of moderate to intense physical activity can offset the health risks of eight hours of sitting, researchers reported in The Lancet. The study found shorter periods of exercise, about 25 to 35 minutes per day, also can reduce the effects of long periods of sitting.
University of Toledo researchers looked at 1,307 oncologic PET/CT exams interpreted by a nuclear medicine-trained radiologist and three body imaging-trained radiologists and found no significant individual and collective differences in sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of scan interpretations, suggesting current training is sufficient for developing reader competency. The findings were presented at the SNMMI Annual Meeting.
An Avalere Health survey found 31% of about 20 Medicare Advantage health plans had strategies to assess the quality of their post-acute provider network. Survey respondents cited unreliable quality data from providers as a challenge, and while all were working to reduce readmissions, many were just starting to look at how post-acute provider quality and accountability factor into those efforts.
A study in the Journal of Hospital Medicine showed that using proposed data-driven physiologic alarm parameters to replace current vital sign reference ranges for heart and respiratory rate percentiles for hospitalized children is safe and would not affect patient care. Researchers used EHR-documented data for more than 7,000 pediatric patients and noted that the new alarm parameters provide "a first step toward customization of alarm limit settings in an effort to mitigate alarm fatigue."
Determining risk factors for opioid abuse or dependence will help clinicians practice informed prescribing and may help mitigate opioid abuse or dependence. The purpose of this study is to identify variables predicting opioid abuse or dependence.
A high proportion of e-cigarette users have never smoked cigarettes. Among never-smoking adolescents, both individual e-cigarette use and approval and use of e-cigarettes among friends and family are strongly associated with intention to use cigarettes.
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