Making simple dietary changes to increase consumption of low FODMAP foods, which are recommended for people with irritable bowel syndrome, may help reduce digestive problems, said registered dietitian Tanya Zuckerbrot. Replace apples with blueberries, eat eggplant instead of artichokes, try spaghetti squash instead of pasta and use mozzarella cheese instead of cottage cheese, Zuckerbrot said.
Type 2 diabetes patients who had anxiety, depression or both had an increased risk of death, with the highest risk seen for those with depression, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Canadian researchers followed 64,177 Norwegian adults for 18 years and found that men with diabetes had an excess mortality risk associated with anxiety and depression, but women did not.
A study in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism showed no difference in diabetes risk in adulthood between children who received growth hormone treatment and those in the general population. French researchers used a cohort of 5,100 children with idiopathic isolated GH deficiency, short stature or idiopathic short stature who were born small for gestational age and began GH treatment between 1985 and 1996 and also found no significant difference in gestational diabetes risk between women treated with GH and those in the general population.
Researchers found that women with type 2 diabetes and ovarian cancer had an up to 50% increased risk for long-term all-cause mortality and long-term cancer-specific mortality than those with ovarian cancer but not diabetes. The findings in Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, based on an analysis of 12 studies conducted between 1961 and 2012, revealed that patients with both type 2 diabetes and ovarian cancer had a shorter overall survival time, compared with those without diabetes.
A case study in the journal Medicine describes a 63-year-old man with dysphonia, or speech problems, with suspected cancerous laryngeal lesions whose F-18 FDG-PET/CT scan showed laryngeal granulomas common in sarcoidosis. Another scan after six months of steroid treatment showed that the man had significantly reduced abnormal FDG uptake in his right vocal cord, prompting researchers to suggest that the imaging technique has potential in detecting inflammatory activity and determining therapeutic efficacy in rare laryngeal sarcoidosis.
Health care professionals and food service companies are trying to improve the taste of pureed foods and the eating experience for people who have a modified-texture diet due to dysphagia, said registered dietitian Jessica Cording. RD Jenny Overly said making food visually appealing, such as through the use of food molds, can help people meet their nutrition needs and get more enjoyment out of meals.
Children born to mothers who took multivitamins during pregnancy had procedural memory equal to an additional half year of schooling compared with those whose mothers received only iron and folic acid, according to an Indonesian study in The Lancet Global Health. The findings, based on data involving nearly 3,000 youths in Indonesia ages 9 to 12, also showed improved intellectual ability equivalent to an additional year of schooling among those with anemic mothers who took multivitamins.
A study published in the journal Cortex found older adults who had high scores on cardiorespiratory fitness tests had increased brain activity and memory performance, compared with those who had low fitness levels. Researchers said cardiorespiratory fitness can be increased through regular moderate to vigorous activities such as walking, jogging or swimming.
Kentucky had more than twice the national rate of drug-dependent babies in 2013, and the rate jumped another 40% in 2014. Just 30 of Kentucky's 123 substance-abuse treatment facilities accept pregnant or postpartum women.
Improved training and screening are responsible for much of the 54% increase in human trafficking reports in Florida last year compared with 2015, officials said. The Statewide Council on Human Trafficking instituted special training for first responders and child welfare professionals in spotting signs of exploitation.
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