An aerial survey of Maryland's Chesapeake Bay watershed showed more than a million waterfowl, which is considerably higher than usual. State veterinarian Michael Radebaugh said some of the species are asymptomatic carriers of avian influenza and could be infected, so he and poultry veterinarian Annika McKillop urge owners of backyard flocks and commercial poultry operations to limit risk by following strong biosecurity protocols. The state is monitoring wild birds and poultry for infection amid the increased risk.
The Saskatchewan Veterinary Medical Association and the Western College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Saskatchewan are launching a pilot program to attract and retain veterinarians in rural areas of the province. Five third-year veterinary medicine students will be paid $10,000 over 14 weeks to work in mixed- and large-animal practices in outlying parts of the province.
The Board of Directors plays a vital role within the association, contributing knowledge and expertise in various areas that will be useful in strengthening and expanding AWHONN. Board of Directors members are expected to serve on committees, task forces, work on special projects in collaboration with AWHONN's staff, and solicit new members to join AWHONN. Applications will close Monday, March 12, 2018. Learn more and apply.
Prediabetes as defined using the American Diabetes Association and the World Health Organization/International Expert Committee criteria was associated with a 37% and 54% higher incidence rate of nonfatal/fatal cardiovascular disease or all-cause mortality, compared with normoglycemia, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Danish researchers used a cohort of 5,427 individuals, ages 50 to 79, and found no association between prediabetes defined by fasting plasma glucose or two-hour plasma glucose and excess risk of nonfatal/fatal CVD or all-cause mortality.
Children had a higher risk of becoming overweight or obese if their mothers were overweight or obese, regardless of whether they were delivered vaginally or by cesarean section, when compared with children whose mothers were at normal weight and delivered vaginally, researchers reported in JAMA Pediatrics. Infant gut microbiota appeared to be a factor in the association between the weight status of the mother and child, especially in those delivered by cesarean.
Nutrition experts say people on a gluten-free diet need to go beyond avoiding wheat, barley and rye and watch for derivatives of these ingredients and hidden sources of gluten in foods. Registered dietitian Rachel Begun said some products have a gluten-free claim or gluten-free third-party notification symbol, but labeling is not required so it can be easy to overlook gluten-free foods when grocery shopping.
Registered dietitian Brittany Chin Jones says cooking for just two people can be a challenge because many recipes are written for four servings. Although there are cookbooks featuring meals for two, solutions to having too much food include planning for leftovers and using extra ingredients in future recipes, Jones said.
Men who drank 31 to 40 grams and 51 to 60 grams of alcohol daily on average during late adolescence had a twofold and fourfold higher risk of developing severe liver disease, respectively, compared with those who never drank alcohol, Swedish researchers reported in the Journal of Hepatology. The findings, based on data involving 43,296 Swedish men who entered military training in 1969 and 1970, tied every gram of alcohol consumed daily to a 2% higher risk of liver disease.
Data show a significant increase in benzodiazepine use among adults but the adverse effects of the drug, along with overuse and misuse, have gained little attention, researchers wrote in a New England Journal of Medicine editorial. Elderly use of the drug is a concern because of the increased risk of falls and fractures, car accidents, impaired cognition and dementia.
Canadian researchers who used PET with F-18 florbetapir and F-18 FDG found that patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment and anosognosia, or impaired illness awareness, had elevated amyloid accumulation and symptoms of hypometabolism in the posterior cingulate cortices, which are involved in self-referential mental processing, and were nearly three times as likely to develop dementia within two years, compared with those who were aware of their memory deficit. The findings in Neurology suggest the importance of asking patients with MCI and their caregivers about memory loss awareness, said lead researcher Joseph Therriault.
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