Type 2 diabetes patients with cardiovascular disease who were given sodium glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors had a 53% lower risk of all-cause mortality at eight months, compared with patients on another glucose-lowering drug, according to a new analysis of data from the CVD REAL study presented at a meeting of the American Diabetes Association. Among patients without CVD, being on an SGLT2 inhibitor was linked to a 46% lower risk of all-cause mortality, researchers said.
A study in Diabetes Care found that fetal demise occurred in 15.6% of cases among 62 women who had at least one diabetic ketoacidosis event during pregnancy. Higher pre-DKA A1C levels and smoking were associated with an increased risk of preterm birth, while higher NICU admission rates correlated with higher anion gap during DKA event, preterm birth, preeclampsia and smoking.
Diabetes patients should not use unused secondhand test strips to save money because they can provide inaccurate blood glucose readings and may be unsafe to use with glucose meters, according to the FDA. The agency recommends purchasing new and unopened test strip vials that are specifically designed for the patient's glucose meter and talking to a health care provider about any concerns over which strips to buy or affording the strips.
Researchers said 33% of the women participating in an internet-based postpartum weight-loss program returned to their pre-pregnancy weight, compared with 18.6% of women who received standard care. The study in the Journal of the American Medical Association included 371 women seen at 12 Women, Infants, and Children clinics in California from 2011 to 2015.
A study published in the journal Obesity found children were 33% less likely to be obese at ages 2 to 4 if their fathers frequently helped them with tasks such as brushing their teeth or getting dressed. Researchers said the risk of childhood obesity dropped by 30% for each one-category increase in the frequency that dads took their children out for walks or for play.
Draft recommendations from the CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices continue to advise against the use of live-attenuated influenza vaccine during the 2017-2018 flu season. Vaccination rates among US youths ages 6 months to 17 years remained similar between the 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 flu seasons despite the ACIP's reversal on LAIV use last season, said Dr. Lisa Grohskopf of the CDC's Influenza Division.
Canakinumab, a Novartis anti-inflammatory drug approved to treat rare autoimmune conditions, reduced the occurrence of heart attack and stroke in heart attack survivors when used in combination with other therapies in a clinical trial, the drugmaker said.
Vitamin K antagonist monotherapy in atrial fibrillation patients was associated with a lower risk of a first myocardial infarction and stroke compared with treatment with acetylsalicylic acid monotherapy, a study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology found. Combining the treatments was not linked to a reduced risk of myocardial infarction but did increase the risk of bleeding, the study found.
It is important to deal with both big and small sources of daily stress to prevent illness and even weight gain, and certain nutrients can help, says registered dietitian Alissa Rumsey. Folate, magnesium and vitamin D can help regulate mood and emotions, Rumsey says, while omega-3 fats, probiotics, foods containing antioxidants and water intake may help the body handle stress.
Dietitian Monica Reinagel says trendy ginger shots will not kill cancer cells, detox organs or lead to fat loss, though ginger itself has some health benefits. Reinagel says ginger might help reduce or prevent nausea, and its gingerol compounds have anticoagulant properties and may promote anti-inflammatory activity in the body.
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