Research published in the British Medical Journal suggested moderate alcohol consumption may reduce the likelihood of cardiac events, compared with not drinking, but heavy drinking increases the risks. The study included than 1.9 million healthy adults.
Irish researchers found a higher rate of gestational diabetes among women who received 1,100 mg myo-inositol, 27.6 g D-chiro-inositol and 400 µg folic acid than those on folic acid alone. The findings in Diabetes Care, based on 240 women with a mean age of 31.3, revealed that the rate of gestational diabetes was lower among those who had a normal weight in the intervention group, compared with normal-weight women in the control group, and higher among those who were overweight or obese in the intervention group, compared with overweight or obese women in the control group.
Regular exercise is good medicine for older adults with heart disease, according to an American Heart Association scientific statement published in the journal Circulation. Geriatric cardiologist Dr. Daniel Forman, who helped write the statement, said exercise can help older adults gain strength, maximize physical function and reduce symptoms of heart disease.
Menus at St. Charles Parish schools in Louisiana increasingly reflect student preferences gleaned from taste-test focus groups, said Teresa Brown, director of child nutrition. At least 50% of students must approve of a dish before it can go on the menu, and Brown said the school system's nutritionists then must work to match the food idea with federal nutrition regulations and keep it within budget.
Researchers using a new polygenic hazard score test based on genetic data from more than 70,000 elderly people with and without Alzheimer's disease found that those who scored in the top 10% for risk had a more than three times higher chance of developing Alzheimer's disease and were more likely to develop the disease at an earlier age, compared with those in the lowest 10%. The findings in PLOS Medicine suggest the test may be used in identifying healthy older patients with the greatest risk of Alzheimer's disease, said researcher Dr. Rahul Desikan.
A Technavio report predicts the worldwide market for SPECT imaging will be worth $1.5 billion by 2021 with a 5% compound annual growth rate. Cardiology comprised 35% of the market last year, while oncology represented 31% of the market, according to the report.
Social workers or other health care professionals may need to take a greater role in ensuring elderly patients' end-of-life wishes are understood by their surrogates, a new study shows. This can involve leading a discussion between the two, and "regularly coming back to this topic before the crisis occurs," said Timothy Farrell of the University of Utah School of Medicine.
In light of the USA Gymnastics sex abuse scandal, parents should learn more about the warning signs of abuse and educate their children as well, said clinical social worker Marcie Owrusky Lovell. She advised parents to talk regularly with children about their sports practices, "and make sure they feel comfortable coming to you if something doesn't feel right."
A demonstration project aimed at creating standards for foster-care and adoptive home quality has been proposed by members of both parties in both chambers of Congress. A likely model is the Structured Analysis Family Evaluation method, used in 11 states.
Immigration and Customs Enforcement has been using raids to target "sanctuary cities," according to a senior immigration official. Meanwhile, a federal magistrate judge said this week that a recent raid in the Austin, Texas, area was done to retaliate for a local sheriff's decision to limit cooperation with ICE; ICE denied that it uses enforcement actions as retribution.