Dietitians say dealing with the candy and treats during Halloween is difficult for adults and children with diabetes and requires extra self-discipline and food management. Registered dietitian Sandra Arevalo says to buy treats at the last minute to avoid temptation, and registered dietitian nutritionist Vandana Sheth says adults should do role-play activities with children and have discussions to help them make healthy choices.
A Danish study in Diabetes Care found that youths whose mothers had gestational diabetes had significantly higher fasting plasma glucose levels, waist circumferences, waist-to-hip ratios, and homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance, as well as lower HDL cholesterol levels and lean body mass percentage, compared with those whose mothers didn't have gestational diabetes. The findings also showed a nearly twofold higher risk of early puberty onset among girls whose mothers had gestational diabetes.
The Maryland Food System Map has been revamped to go beyond plotting food deserts and offer more actionable details about the state's food system, such as distances between local farms and food deserts or a supermarket and farmers market. The program run by Johns Hopkins University's Center for a Livable Future has inspired other states and cities to undertake mapping initiatives.
A Canadian study in Arthritis Care & Research found rheumatoid arthritis was associated with a 47% higher risk of being hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The findings were based on 24,625 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and 25,396 matched controls.
More than half of West Virginia's children have had at least one adverse experience that could diminish their future, reveals a study by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The nation's children as a whole did only slightly better, with 46%, or roughly 34 million, affected by violence, poverty or another adversity.
A "restorative justice" approach has been embraced by the Ron Brown College Preparatory High School in Washington, D.C., an all-boys school tailored to youth of color and their distinct challenges. Misbehavior means a visit to "the circle," where a psychologist, social worker and counselors work out solutions with the student.
A bipartisan report by two US senators criticizes official oversight of private foster care providers and cites high levels of abuse and neglect in foster homes. Sens. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, and Ron Wyden, D-Ore., took special note of The MENTOR Network, a for-profit manager of foster homes.
New York City needs to hire more social workers and offer more support for homeless children, who make up 10% of the city's public school enrollment, city Public Advocate Letitia James declared in a new report. Mayoral spokeswoman Jaclyn Rothenberg responded that assistance has been beefed up, saying, "To get kids to school and families back on their feet we've expanded social work staffing and improved school busing, while transforming the shelter system to keep kids closer to their home neighborhoods."
The number of initial concussions reported by high-school athletes rose from about 135,000 in 2005 to more than 360,000 in 2016, which researchers said was associated with improved concussion awareness and reporting since the passage of laws protecting youth athletes from traumatic brain injury in all 50 states and Washington, D.C., by 2014. Repeat concussions declined from 14% of all concussions in 2005 to about 7% in 2016, researchers reported in the American Journal of Public Health.
Nearly 75% of adolescents ages 12 to 17 were exposed to alcohol or drug use prevention messages at school or in the media and 50% discussed substance use with their parents in 2015, which was lower than rates from 2002 to 2012, but similar to that seen in 2013 and 2014, a report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration found. The study also showed increased odds of exposure to substance use prevention messages among teen girls, while exposure to such messages in school was highest among those ages 14 to 15 and lowest among those ages 16 to 17.