The FDA will allow Eli Lilly and Co. and Boehringer Ingelheim to say their diabetes drug Jardiance, or empagliflozin, reduces the risk of death due to cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes. A trial demonstrated the drug decreased risk of CV deaths by 32% when used with standard diabetes treatments in type 2 diabetes patients who have a risk of stroke and heart attack.
Women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes who use hormonal contraception may not have an increased risk of thromboembolism, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Researchers found women using the contraceptive patch had the highest risk for thromboembolism, while those using intrauterine and subdermal contraceptives had the lowest rates.
Researchers used a cohort of 212 adult inpatients with and without diabetes and found an 11% lower risk of a higher blood glucose level in the morning for every additional hour of sleep in the hospital the night before and an 18% lower risk for each 10% increase in sleep efficiency among inpatients. The findings in Diabetes Care showed no significant difference in objective inpatient sleep measures between patients with or without diabetes.
The CDC said that there have been no locally transmitted cases of Zika virus in 45 days in the Little River area of Miami, and the virus is no longer considered active in the neighborhood. However, pregnant women who live in or travel to Miami should continue being cautious and avoid the South Miami Beach area if possible, according to the CDC.
Researchers at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center evaluated imaging from 18 patients with metastatic prostate cancer and found the new PET agent Zr-89-desferrioxamine-IAB2M detected bone lesions in nine patients and soft tissue disease in 14 patients, compared with nine and six patients with positive bone scans using Tc-99m-methylene diphosphonate and FDG, respectively, and 14 and 10 patients with positive soft tissue disease determined by CT and FDG-PET scans, respectively. The findings in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine suggest that further study and development of the novel compound may prompt earlier and more accurate metastatic prostate cancer diagnoses and allow for targeted radiotherapy, researchers said.
Registered dietitian Bethany Frazier recommends a mindful eating, "no-diet" approach to the holidays, beginning with chewing each bite of food 10 times to get the maximum satisfaction. Frazier says to avoid substituting favorite foods, such as a dessert, with healthier options and enjoy the real thing in a mindful way.
The USDA has proposed changes to nutrition label requirements for meat and poultry to reflect new research and dietary recommendations. Changes include updating the nutrients that must or may be declared, along with revising the format and appearance of the Nutrition Facts label.
A study in Neurology found low vitamin D levels in neonates may be linked to a higher risk of multiple sclerosis in young adulthood, and researchers said the findings support the routine use of vitamin D supplements among pregnant women. An editorial accompanying the study noted the level of vitamin D needed to prevent MS and the best time for supplementation are not known, but clinicians can work to ensure pregnant women and their children get at least the minimal levels.
Depression among teenage girls has been increasing steadily over the past decade, according to a Johns Hopkins University study. Experts recommend regular screenings of adolescent girls for the condition.
Social worker Rose Frech improves her understanding of clients by observing people's lives and daily choices in impoverished neighborhoods. This can also provide inspiration for ways to help, such as by informing families of free events or organizing clothing swaps.
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