Therapeutic continuous glucose monitors, which so far include only the Dexcom G5 Mobile from San Diego-based Dexcom, have been classified by the CMS as durable medical equipment under Medicare Part B coverage.
A study in Diabetes Care showed that older adults with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease who took sitagliptin didn't experience any significant impact on their primary composite outcome or on severe hypoglycemia, hospitalization due to heart failure or death. UK researchers used a cohort of 14,351 participants and also found that sitagliptin didn't raise any significant safety concerns among older patients.
Only 11% of women with gestational diabetes needed insulin after receiving a combination of metformin and glyburide, compared with 32% of those who received either drug alone, according to a study published in Diabetes Care. The findings, based on 104 women with gestational diabetes, showed comparable results in mean daily blood glucose and other neonatal and obstetric outcomes, including neonatal hypoglycemia, electrolyte imbalance and macrosomia, between patients in the combination therapy and monotherapy groups.
Japanese researchers examined F-18 FDG-PET/CT scans of 201 patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma and found that non-epithelioid subtype, non-surgical treatment and elevated total lesion glycolysis consistently predicted poorer survival after 15 months. The findings in the European Journal of Radiology suggest the approach's volume-based quantitative parameters, particularly TLG, "could serve as potential surrogate markers for malignant pleural mesothelioma prognosis," researchers wrote.
A review of scientific literature in the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry casts doubt on the health claims related to curcumin, the most well-known compound in turmeric, but registered dietitians say the spice still may have health benefits and they will continue to recommend using it. RD Wendy Bazilian said other research shows there are healthy properties associated with turmeric and RD LeeAnn Weintraub called it a 2017 superfood.
Registered dietitian nutritionist Keri Gans says resolutions to go on a diet, stop eating sugar, exercise every day or give up carbohydrates are usually doomed to failure. Gans says it is not necessary for people to deprive themselves and while it is good to resolve to cook more meals at home, it is a misconception that people looking to lose weight cannot go out to eat.
The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Committee on Nutrition issued a position paper recommending exclusive breast-feeding to be promoted for at least four months and until about six months in healthy term infants, and then continued alongside complementary feeding. Complementary foods shouldn't be introduced before age 4 months or delayed after age 6 months and should include peanuts and gluten, according to the guidance in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition.
A five-minute urine test could analyze whether a diet is healthy by measuring biological markers linked to food digestion, according to a study in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. Imperial College London researcher Isabel Garcia-Perez said the test could be further developed to help monitor whether people are following their diet.
University of Vermont researchers reported that people who regularly ate hot red chili peppers had a 13% lower overall mortality risk, possibly due to capsaicin, which is associated with obesity prevention and blood flow regulation and has antimicrobial properties. The study in PLOS ONE included data on more than 16,000 people over 23 years.
Social workers in Everett, Wash., work with police officers to help homeless people and others find alternatives to arrest. The Community Outreach and Enforcement Team seeks a balance between community concerns about crime and individual needs for social services.
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