A report from the United Health Foundation found that baby boomers have poorer health compared with past generations, estimating that almost 55% more seniors will have diabetes and nearly 25% more will be obese once baby boomers become senior citizens over the next 14 years. Researchers noted that health costs for diabetes patients are about 2.5 times greater than for those without diabetes.
Human trafficking may be increasing in Las Vegas as city police have investigated 61 cases of juvenile prostitution so far this year, compared with a total of 141 last year. "We have to look at the hard numbers here, which are the fact that we are failing our kids in middle school and high school in terms of helping prevent abuse," said UNLV professor Alexis Kennedy. "How do we prevent our kids from falling into this really un-glamorous world of prostitution?"
A study in The Lancet showed that microvascular disease could increase the risk for a cardiovascular event among type 2 diabetes patients. The findings, based on 49,027 adults with type 2 diabetes and no history of cardiovascular disease at baseline, showed that the risk of a cardiovascular event from the burden of retinopathy, peripheral neuropathy or nephropathy was similar to the risk seen with traditional factors such as A1C, blood pressure and LDL cholesterol.
Study data found 52% of patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome had clinically meaningful improvements after adopting a low-FODMAP diet, compared with 21% of those in a control group assigned to another diet used to treat IBS, researchers reported at the Digestive Disease Week meeting. Beth McCormick of the University of Massachusetts Medical Center commented that IBS is "vastly shaped by diet" and the role of fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols in triggering the condition appears to be validated.
An updated MyPlate for Older Adults has been released and is based on the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. About half of the plate icon is filled with fruits and vegetables and the placemat section contains a reminder about the importance of regular physical activity for older adults.
This week's Retail Dietitian Symposium included sessions on industry trends, awards to outstanding registered dietitians and details of a retail dietitians survey to be published in Progressive Grocer. RDs responding to the survey said retail dietitians are most effective using individual and group counseling, in-store consults, and store clinics and tours.
A high-salt diet may increase the risk of cardiovascular events for patients with chronic kidney disease, according to a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Data on almost 3,800 patients showed more than 23% of those in the high-sodium group developed heart failure and about 11% had a heart attack, compared with 13% and about 8%, respectively, in the lowest-sodium group.
A study in Clinical Nutrition found that low levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-[OH]D) were tied to a higher total body fat percentage in adults without cardiometabolic disease. The Netherlands study, based on data gathered from 2,158 adults ages 45 and older, found that the body fat percentage of subjects with vitamin D deficiency was higher by a mean of 1.29 units compared with participants with adequate vitamin D levels.
Higher celiac disease rates do not account for the growth in the gluten-free food sector, and market research finds people who do not have the disease buy the bulk of gluten-free products, Dr. Norelle Reilly of Columbia University Medical Center wrote in a commentary to be published in the Journal of Pediatrics. "Health care providers may not be able to end the gluten-free diet fad, but can certainly begin to play a larger role in educating patients, excluding CD, and preventing nutritional deficiencies in those choosing to stay gluten-free," Reilly wrote.
Wearing fitness trackers did little to motivate college students to significantly increase their daily activity levels, researchers said in a study to be published in the PHEnex Journal. The study, which included 36 physical education students, found they logged from 11,000 to 12,000 steps per day, slightly above the 10,000 minimum target.
- Page 1