A study in Diabetes Care showed that type 1 diabetes patients with the presence of any major abnormalities on an electrocardiogram had a 2.5 times increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, compared with those with normal or no abnormal ECG or no major ECG abnormality. Researchers analyzed 1,306 adults and found that 11.9% of participants had CVD events, 148 of which were nonfatal and seven of which were fatal.
Israeli researchers found that individuals with insulin resistance experienced a more rapid decline in cognitive functions, including attention, executive function, memory and visual spatial processing. The findings in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease were based on 500 patients with or without diabetes, but with existing cardiovascular disease.
Maternal type 1 diabetes was one of the autoimmune diseases associated with an increased risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children, according to a study in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Researchers used a cohort of 983,680 children in Danish national registries and also found a correlation between paternal history of type 1 diabetes and ADHD risk.
Research showed food-insecure US adults were less likely to meet at least three of seven health metrics, such as diet, physical activity, cholesterol or blood pressure, compared with those who were food-secure. The study in JAMA Internal Medicine, which included almost 8,000 people, showed 57.7% were food secure, 15.1% were marginally food secure and 27.2% were food insecure.
A recent Association of American Medical Colleges report predicts that the US physician shortage will get worse and a deficit of between 40,800 and 104,900 doctors will occur by 2030. Shortages will affect primary care, surgical specialties and medical specialties including cardiology and infectious disease, but telemedicine, new drugs and other changes in the health care industry could mitigate the impact of those shortages, experts say.
Drexel University researchers found that functional near-infrared spectroscopy allows noninvasive and objective measurements of hemodynamic response to noxious pain in the prefrontal cortex, and is more portable and more capable of withstanding motion, compared with other hemodynamic-based imaging techniques. The imaging technique, described in the journal Neurophotonics, may be helpful in assessing patients who can't remain still during PET scans and patients with reduced pain perception, as well as in studying spontaneous pain and conditions that may influence pain tolerance, researchers said.
Canned foods can provide the basis for a healthy, quick and cost-effective meal, said registered dietitian Tanya Zuckerbrot. They contain the same fiber and vitamins as fresh produce, Zuckerbrot said, and canned tomatoes, tuna and beans can lead to great pasta, salad and chili dishes.
Registered dietitian Alissa Rumsey says steps to reduce food cravings include identifying food triggers, having healthy food options available and eating regular meals to avoid drops in blood sugar. Eating a balanced diet to help digestion and promote satiety also is important, Rumsey says, along with choosing more whole foods over processed products and getting plenty of sleep.
The Viva Health! campaign in the San Antonio metro area aims to give people information on a healthy diet and offer the easiest and most cost-effective ways to replace unhealthy meals with nutritious ones. The three key tenets of the program are having fruits and vegetables fill half the plate at each meal, using smaller plates for portion control and drinking water instead of sugar-sweetened beverages.
WalletHub's 2017 Fattest Cities in America list has the Jackson, Miss., metro area at the top and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue in Washington state at the bottom. The list is compiled based on 17 weight-related measures, such as the number of inactive adults, projected obesity rates and access to healthy foods.
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