Healthy people who had high adherence to a Mediterranean diet had a 5% to 15% lower risk of incident cardiovascular disease, compared with those who had poor adherence, UK researchers reported in BMC Medicine. Data suggested 3.9% of new cardiovascular disease cases and 12.5% of cardiovascular deaths in the study population potentially could be avoided by increased adherence to the Mediterranean diet.
The US Supreme Court announced Thursday it would consider the educational benefit for students receiving services from schools under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. This will be the first time since 1982 that the Supreme Court has addressed the mandate for free, appropriate public education.
School and classroom redesigns can help give students more agency and a sense of community, rather than emphasize control and compliance, veteran educator and education consultant Jim Dillon writes in this blog post. He highlights a first-grade classroom as one example.
Danish researchers looked at 168,443 patients with type 2 diabetes, ages 50 and older, and found that the absolute one-year risk for acute dialysis was 142.7 per 100,000 among metformin users, compared with 92.4 per 100,000 among those on sulfonylurea. The findings in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism also showed an increased metformin-related acute dialysis risk among older patients, female patients, those with pre-existing renal insufficiency and those receiving higher doses of metformin.
A study in the American Journal of Physiology -- Heart and Circulatory Physiology showed that type 2 diabetes patients had an immediately higher flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery, as well as one and two hours later, after engaging in resistance interval training, compared with the control group. Canadian researchers also found that cardio interval training improved flow-mediated dilation an hour after the exercise.
Abbott has obtained approval from the FDA for its FreeStyle Libre Pro System for use in professional continuous glucose monitoring. The system, which provides health care professionals with patient data to support clinical decision-making for diabetes management, comes with a sensor to be worn on the back of the upper arm for up to 14 days that monitors blood glucose every 15 minutes without the need for finger-stick calibration.
The Family Table program in McKees Rocks, Pa., is a free resource for low-income families that teaches healthy cooking skills and promotes family meals. Families talk about nutrition guidelines before preparing meal ingredients, many of which are available at food banks.
Lund University researchers using PET and the tau radiotracer F-18 AV-1451 examined patients with a gene mutation linked to tau pathology in Alzheimer's disease and found that those with slow-moving mild cognitive impairment had increased tracer levels in the hippocampus, temporal lobes and the anterior of the inferior temporal gyrus, while a patient with fully developed dementia had elevated tracer levels in the basal ganglia, temporal lobes and frontal lobes, which significantly correlated with post-mortem exam results. The findings in the journal Brain suggest that the approach can help detect excess tau proteins and may improve diagnostics and drug development for Alzheimer's disease, researchers said.
Social workers in some North Carolina counties are taking part in a state training program on family trauma that will be extended to all 100 counties.
"Until we begin to learn how to address the negative experiences people have been exposed to, we won't understand why they are the way they are today," said social worker Pam Fisette.
A new report predicts that up to 3.5 million US Latinos could develop Alzheimer's disease by 2060, an 832% increase. Various factors, including low insurance coverage and reduced participation in studies, make Latinos 50% more likely than non-Hispanic whites to develop Alzheimer's.
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