The FDA should ban all candy- and fruit-flavored tobacco products, and Congress should oppose legislation reducing FDA oversight on e-cigarettes and cigars, according to a joint report from the American Academy of Pediatrics and four other health care organizations. "Eliminating all flavored tobacco products is a critical step in preventing tobacco companies from addicting another generation of kids and reversing our nation's progress in the fight against tobacco," the groups wrote.
Youths ages 6 and younger who drank a serving of 100% fruit juice daily didn't have clinically significant weight gain after a year, compared with those who didn't drink juices, researchers reported in Pediatrics. The findings, based on a meta-analysis of eight studies involving more than 34,000 children, also showed no weight gain among those ages 7 to 18 who consumed a single daily serving of pure fruit juice.
University of Iowa premed student Matthew Rooda has developed a system called SwineTech, a wearable device for sows to prevent the animals from crushing their piglets. Crushing is the most common cause of piglet mortality in the US, but when the device detects piglet cries of distress, it sends a vibration and a mild shock -- less than the shock in a dog collar -- to the sow, usually prompting her to move.
Veterinarian Ian Dunbar says families searching for a puppy should choose an outgoing animal and then be sure to socialize the animal by exposing it to lots of people and new situations. Owners should also train the puppy on appropriate play, sleep and manners, and recognize that punishment is counter-productive, Dr. Dunbar says.
A study in JAMA Ophthalmology showed that 64.9% of youths with type 1 diabetes and 42.2% of youths with type 2 diabetes with health insurance received screening for diabetic retinopathy during eye examination. Researchers used a cohort of 12,686 diabetes patients and found that those with type 1 diabetes were 114% more likely to have an eye examination within 6 years of being diagnosed with diabetes, compared with type 2 diabetes patients.
After being diagnosed with cancer herself, oncology nurse Lindsay Norris wrote an open letter to all the patients and families she had cared for to say she was sorry for everything she didn't understand about what they were going through. The letter reminds not just fellow nurses but all caregivers of the importance of being a better listener and handling "patient and family/care partner fragility with the utmost respect, humility, and empathy -- in other words, to strive to be our best selves in the midst of suffering," write Jennifer Wenzel and Cynda Rushton of the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing.
Hospice use by eligible Medicare patients was 2.55% in 2015, compared with 2.59% in 2014 and 2.67% in 2013, according to a report from Healthcare Market Resources. Eleven states saw increased hospice use from 2014 to 2015, down from 17 that recorded increases from 2013 to 2014.
Sjogren's syndrome, which attacks all parts of the gastrointestinal system, can significantly affect dietary intake, experts say. While there is no specific diet recommended for patients with this autoimmune disease, registered dietitian nutritionist Lauri Lang recommends an anti-inflammatory eating plan and gluten-free diet, and experts say patients can benefit from a dietitian's individualized advice on how to maintain good nutrition within their limitations.
Coadministration of canagliflozin and phentermine once daily was associated with superior weight loss from baseline at week 26 among overweight or obese individuals without type 2 diabetes, compared with the placebo group, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Researchers analyzed 335 individuals and found that CANA/PHEN coadministration was also more likely to result in weight loss of more than 5% and reduction in systolic blood pressure, compared with placebo.
Registered dietitian Kate Moran says drinking more water is one healthy change to begin making during National Nutrition Month, even though it may take a few weeks to make it a long-term habit. Moran says ways to begin include starting each day with a glass of water, packing a water bottle to hydrate during the day, serving water with dinner and eating more fruit.
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