The White House Office of Management and Budget has proposed integrating the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program into HHS and renaming the agency the Department of Health and Public Welfare as part of a sweeping plan to reorganize the federal government unveiled Thursday. The proposal, which faces tough odds of obtaining approval in Congress, also calls for the creation of the Council on Public Assistance, which would supervise food stamps, Medicaid and other programs and have the authority to impose uniform work provisions in those programs.
The CMS launched a new database called Data Element Library to support better exchange of electronic health information among health care stakeholders. This free, centralized resource gives the public access to specific data that the CMS requires of post-acute care facilities, and it includes health information technology standards to make it easier for technology vendors to integrate these standards into their EHR systems.
CDC researchers found that 15.1%, or about 2.5 million, of high-school students had one or more concussions during the previous year. The findings, based on 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data, showed that concussions were more prevalent among boys and those who played on at least one sports team.
A Dutch study in JAMA Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery found that children who used portable music players once or twice weekly had a more than double the risk of hearing impairment. Parents should restrict use of the devices, said Kevin Franck, director of audiology for Massachusetts Eye and Ear and Harvard Medical School, who wrote an accompanying commentary.
People respond better to feedback that affirms their contributions, says author Tim Irwin. "When a person senses criticism, it engages a 'negativity bias' in our brains and generally shuts down the parts of our brains responsible for creativity and problem solving," he says.
The FDA has granted Senseonics approval for its Eversense continuous glucose monitoring system for use in patients with diabetes. The device, which comes with an implantable glucose sensor, provides up to three months of long-term continuous monitoring.
A study in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism showed that type 2 diabetes patients who switched to a combination treatment of empagliflozin and linagliptin experienced clinically significant reductions in A1C, fasting plasma glucose, systolic blood pressure and body weight, compared with those on linagliptin alone. Researchers used a cohort of 275 Japanese diabetes patients and found that more participants in the linagliptin monotherapy group reported adverse events than the combination therapy group.
Type 1 diabetes patients who received the bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine, an inexpensive, generic tuberculosis vaccine, had normal blood glucose levels eight years after the clinical trial ended, researchers reported in the journal npj Vaccines. "It's a significant advance since the discovery of insulin, and it needs to be duplicated and replicated and expanded," said the trial's principal investigator, Dr. Denise Faustman.
A study published in Obesity Science and Practice showed that the obesity rate in Florida was 37%, compared with 28% as reported by the CDC. Researchers found that 39% of women were obese, compared with 34.7% of men, and the obesity rate was 45.7% for blacks, 37.1% for Hispanics and 35.2% for non-Hispanic whites.
Young adults who valued gluten-free food also tended to have healthier behaviors, such as eating breakfast daily, using nutrition facts and having a weight goal, according to a study in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. However, valuing gluten-free food also was associated with unhealthy weight-control behaviors, such as using diet pills.
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