Babies born on weekends had a death rate of 7.1 per 1,000 in the first week after birth, compared with 6.5 per 1,000 for those born on a weekday, UK researchers reported in The BMJ. The findings, based on data from 675,000 births at English National Health Services hospitals from April 2010 to March 2012, also showed mothers who gave birth on weekends were more likely to develop infections than those who gave birth during the week.
A Forrester Research report predicts cases of ransomware involving lifesaving medical devices such as connected pacemakers could occur in 2016. The use of malicious software to control devices and extort users to pay to regain access to data became more common this year. Medical device makers have been on the lookout for potential vulnerabilities, and the FDA warned this year that certain infusion pumps should not be connected to hospital networks.
Organizing the refrigerator to prominently feature healthy foods can make it easier to eat a better diet, said registered dietitian Maxine Siegel. Stock up on healthy foods and put them up front at eye level in clear containers, keep less healthy foods out of sight in drawers and fill the freezer with meal foundation items, such as whole grains and beans, so they are easily available for a fast and healthy meal, Siegel said.
Children are interacting with digital devices at ever-earlier ages, raising challenges for parents, clinical social worker Mindy Miller observes. "You don't want your child to only be able to process information in little small snippets because that's what they're used to on their phone," she said. "Then when they actually do have to have sustained attention to one activity, they're kind of at a disadvantage."
The phase 1 trial of a new treatment for type 1 diabetes, which uses the patient's own regulatory T cells, showed that it's safe for patients, researchers reported online in the journal Science Translational Medicine. Patients received infusions of as many as 2.6 billion of the cells without any serious side effects.
Canadian researchers evaluated 159 asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes and found the prevalence of intraplaque hemorrhage was 23.3%, with five patients showing IPH in both carotid arteries. The findings were presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America.
A study in JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology showed women who were overweight or obese at age 18 were at an increased risk of sudden cardiac death throughout the entire 32-year-long study period compared with normal-weight women. Researchers analyzed data from the Nurses' Health study involving 72,484 healthy women from 1980 to 2012 and found the risk of sudden cardiac death over the next two years were 1.5 times in women who were overweight and 2 times among obese women, compared to those with a healthy weight.
A study in The Lancet found 9% of infants had necrotizing enterocolitis and 11% developed sepsis after receiving the probiotic Bifidobacterium breve, compared with 10% and 12% of infants in the placebo group, respectively. Researchers used a cohort of 1,315 infants and found 8% of infants in the probiotic group died before being discharged, compared with 9% of infants in the placebo group.
The FDA chose not to approve Bristol-Myers Squibb's application for expanded approval to market its cancer drug Opdivo to patients with an advanced form of skin cancer. In the complete response letter it sent to the company, the agency asked Bristol-Myers for additional information regarding the drug's use in the BRAF V600 mutation positive metastatic melanoma patient population.
Loss of synapses in early Alzheimer's disease may be explained by beta amyloid destruction of the protein neural cell adhesion molecule 2, a study published in the journal Nature Communications found. Post-mortem brain tissue analysis found low levels of the protein were associated with Alzheimer's, and studies in mice found that the plaques that aggregate in people with the disease destroy the molecule. Researchers said the finding could inform development of treatments for the disease.
- Page 1