A study in the journal Addiction found strong evidence that alcohol consumption can cause oropharynx, larynx, esophagus, liver, colon, rectum, and female breast cancer. Researcher Jennie Connor of the University of Otago in New Zealand said while other studies have found a causal effect between alcohol and cancer, there is confusion about the link and she wanted to "clarify the strength of the evidence" making the connection.
The t:slim insulin pump from Tandem Diabetes Care has received clearance from the FDA for an expanded indication and can now be used for patients ages 6 years and older. The touchscreen pump, which monitors insulin levels and carries 300 units of insulin, was previously cleared for patients as young as 12 years old.
Women with a reproductive span of less than 30 years had a 37% increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, while those with more than 45 reproductive years had a 23% increased risk, compared with those who had medium-length reproductive span of 36 to 40 years, according to a study in Menopause. Researchers used a cohort of 124,379 women in the Women's Health Initiative and found a 1.04 and 1.08 higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes among those who had their final menstruation period before age 45 or after age 55, respectively, compared with women who had their final period between ages 46 and 55.
German researchers found that type 1 diabetes patients who received subcutaneous abdominal injections of insulin lispro into lipohypertrophic tissue had reduced insulin absorption, but increased instrasubject variability, than those in the normal adipose tissue group. The findings in Diabetes Care, based on 13 type 1 diabetes patients, showed those who received LHT injections also increased their postprandial blood glucose concentrations by 26% or more, with maximum concentrations occurring later, and had less frequent hypoglycemic events.
A meta-analysis of data on more than 1 million people found doing an hour of moderate to intense physical activity can offset the health risks of eight hours of sitting, researchers reported in The Lancet. The study found shorter periods of exercise, about 25 to 35 minutes per day, also can reduce the effects of long periods of sitting.
Emisoft has launched a free decryptor that health care organizations may use against the Stampado ransomware. Cyberattack victims may regain their encrypted files without having to pay the ransom by downloading the decryptor from Emisoft's website, the company said.
Almost 1,380 community health centers will receive $90 million in grants from the Health Resources and Services Administration's Bureau of Primary Health Care later this year to support the purchase of new health IT products as they transition to value-based care. The funds can be used for products to conduct electronic health information exchange, boost staff and patient engagement and use data analytics to improve decision making, as well as to make strategic investments.
Researchers at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center and Montefiore Medical Group received $3 million from the National Institute of Mental Health to help increase the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis to reduce HIV transmission in the Bronx borough of New York. The project includes the creation of a tool to identify high-risk individuals and use of EMRs to facilitate screening, monitoring and prescribing of pre-exposure prophylaxis and communication among patients and clinicians.
University of Toledo researchers looked at 1,307 oncologic PET/CT exams interpreted by a nuclear medicine-trained radiologist and three body imaging-trained radiologists and found no significant individual and collective differences in sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of scan interpretations, suggesting current training is sufficient for developing reader competency. The findings were presented at the SNMMI Annual Meeting.
Health insurers are taking steps lower opioid utilization, fight misuse, and prevent addiction and overdoses. Anthem's Pharmacy Home Program is one such effort, designed to identify and tailor interventions to the highest-risk consumers, while the Opioid Safety Management Program of Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts helped lower opioid prescriptions by almost 21 million, and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care is covering non-opioid alternatives to steer patients away from opioids when other options are appropriate.
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