A Nuance survey found that 54% of respondents aged 18 to 24 use online resources and physician ratings before choosing their doctors, compared with 39% of all adults. Seventy percent of young millennials rely on recommendations from family and friends about primary care providers, compared with 41% of seniors. When patients are dissatisfied with their care, most young millennials tell family and friends, while most seniors tell their providers.
A Congressional Budget Office analysis found that exempting pharmaceutical products from inter partes review, which the pharmaceutical industry is seeking, could delay the release of generic drugs and cost federal care programs $1.3 billion over 10 years. The procedure was enacted in 2012 to thwart patent trolls, and Matthew Eyles, executive vice president of policy and regulatory affairs at AHIP, called the IPR system "a critical consumer protection."
Polish researchers found a sixfold increased risk of heart attack among women with diabetes who were younger than 45, regardless of whether they were obese or not, compared to those who didn't have the disease. The findings, presented at a meeting of the European Society of Cardiology, also revealed that smoking increased the risk of heart attack more in young women than older women.
A U.S. study in The American Journal of Cardiology revealed that periodontal disease duration among individuals with type 1 diabetes may predict long-term progression of coronary artery calcium, but not in those without the disease. The findings, based on 1,021 patients with and without type 1 diabetes, showed the duration of periodontal disease was not significantly associated with baseline CAC prevalence.
Type 1 diabetes patients who had nonalbuminuric chronic kidney disease were at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality, according to a Finnish study in Diabetes Care. The findings, based on 3,809 patients with type 1 diabetes, showed no association between nonalbuminuric CKD and increased risk of albuminuria or end-stage renal disease.
Israeli researchers found fewer behavioral and emotional problems among teens with loving, close relationships with their grandparents, especially those who also had close relationships with their parents, compared with teens who had less attachment. The findings in the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry were based on 1,405 teens, ages 12 to 18.
Food cravings may activate hard-wired neural connections in obese people in ways similar to what's observed in brains of drug addicts, according to a study presented at the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology Congress in Amsterdam. Functional MRI showed obese participants had strong connectivity between the reward-seeking dorsal caudate and the somatosensory cortex, the same brain changes associated with drug addiction. In contrast, normal-weight people had stronger connections between the decision-making orbitofrontal cortex and the ventral putamen.
The nonprofit group Mill City Grows runs an urban farming operation and eight mobile markets that deliver locally grown fresh produce to inner-city areas of Lowell, Mass., five days per week. Run by staff, students and volunteers, the initiative also features a community gardening program and education on food insecurity.
If the National Colorectal Cancer Roundtable's goal of increasing colorectal cancer screening to 80% by 2018 is achieved, data estimate that about 277,000 colorectal cancer cases and 203,000 deaths from the disease could be avoided. Researchers said an additional 24.4 million Americans would need to get tested to hit the 80% mark.
A proposal in the New York City Council would require fast food meals that come with toys to have no more than 500 calories and would set limits on fat and salt content. The regulations would reduce children's consumption of calories by 9% and intake of salt and calories from fat by 10%, a study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found. Researchers, who analyzed food purchased by 358 adults for 422 children at fast food restaurants in New York City and New Jersey in 2013 and 2014, said 98% of meals with toys didn't meet the proposed regulations.
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