A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that the US has shorter life expectancy rates for men and women than similar nations, including the UK, Japan, Sweden and Italy. Much of the life expectancy gap was attributed to car crashes, shootings and drug overdoses in the US, which also has a high mortality rate from injuries. Men and women in the US have a life expectancy of 76.4 years and 81.2 years, respectively, compared with 78.6 years for men and 83.4 years for women in the other countries studied.
Games to ease trauma in children, record keepers to take on client visits, a "PTSD Coach" and a personal safety feature are among nine new mobile apps available to social workers and their clients. Continuing education, suicide prevention and a dialysis finder are among other app specialties.
A study in JAMA Pediatrics showed that every 1% of excess body fat at the start of the study was associated with a 3% decline in insulin sensitivity. The findings, based on the measurement of height and hip sizes of about 600 children when they were ages 8 to 10, and again two years later, revealed those who had more girth around their hips or had bigger increases in their hip sizes during the study were more likely to experience insulin sensitivity than those who had smaller hips. Researchers also found every additional 10 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily was tied to 3.5% lower body fat at the end of the study.
There was a decrease in the severity of metabolic syndrome, in spite of an increase in body mass index z score, among US teens from 1999 to 2012, according to a study in Pediatrics. Researchers looked at temporal trends for 5,117 participants ages 12 to 19 from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and found the decline in metabolic syndrome severity was attributed to decreasing triglyceride and increasing HDL levels.
Australian researchers found that Chinese adults had higher levels of fasting plasma glucose in winter and spring than during autumn and summer, and highest in winter and lowest in autumn among all participants. The findings in Diabetes & Metabolism, based on 49,417 Chinese adults who returned for three follow-up visits between 2006 and 2011, showed FPG levels in winter increased by a mean of 0.31 mmol/L, compared with autumn levels, with a greater difference seen among those with diabetes.
A study found viral infections may be associated with faster cognitive decline among older adults who are otherwise healthy. Researchers with the University of Pittsburgh and Johns Hopkins University said viruses can linger after an acute infection and may have neurotoxic effects.
In a 2,098-patient study involving metastatic breast cancer patients with anemia, epoetin alfa was associated with a 9% greater likelihood of disease progression or death than standard care with red blood cell transfusions. Median progression-free survival was 7.4 months with both EPO and transfusions. The findings were reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
A revised and renamed Improving Health Information Technology Act measure has been passed by the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee along with six other bills related to biomedical innovation. The draft no longer carries a requirement that EHRs have information exchange capabilities built into them.
Healthways employees who used the company's Walkadoo platform and Fitlinxx Pebble activity trackers walked an average of 970 steps more each day, compared with a control group that only used the trackers, researchers reported in the Journal of Medical Internet Research. Researchers said people saw benefits regardless of their activity level at the beginning of the study.
A study found 23% of workers who experienced job noise had hearing problems, 15% had tinnitus and 9% had both conditions, according to researchers from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. The study published in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine found 7% of workers not exposed to job noise had hearing problems, 5% had tinnitus and 2% had both.
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