A study in the Journal of Diabetes and its Complications showed that patients with type 2 diabetes and mild cognitive impairment were twice as likely to develop dementia as those without diabetes. Spanish researchers used a cohort of 202 MCI patients with and without diabetes and found that type 2 diabetes was an independent risk factor for the development of dementia.
Fewer type 2 diabetes patients who were treated with exenatide once weekly reported gastrointestinal adverse events, compared with those on exenatide twice daily or liraglutide once daily, according to a study in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism. Australian researchers conducted a pooled analysis of several studies and found that all of the reported gastrointestinal adverse events were mild.
Only about 50% of an expected 1.2 million children in the US with blood lead levels of 10 micrograms per deciliter or higher were reported to the CDC, according to researchers. The findings in Pediatrics, based on 1999 to 2010 CDC data involving youths ages 1 to 5 in 38 states and Washington, D.C., also showed that elevated blood lead cases were nearly three times as likely to be missed than diagnosed in Western and Southern states.
AHIP, the American Medical Association, the American Hospital Association and a number of other business and health care organizations issued a joint statement calling for at least a two-year commitment to funding Affordable Care Act cost-sharing reduction payments, and they want to see the money included in a congressional spending bill. Insurers have warned they will leave exchanges or raise premiums substantially if the payments do not continue.
Unused prescription drugs left at nursing homes after patients move out, die or no longer need medication are being destroyed across the nation, with nearly 17.5 tons of viable drugs worth almost $10 million thrown out annually in Colorado alone. While some states do not allow redistribution of unused prescription drugs, Iowa does, and the state-supported SafeNetRx nonprofit is on track to recover and redistribute $5 million worth of drugs this year.
The Connecticut Hospital Association's Care Decisions Connecticut initiative aims to assist patients with end-of-life planning. The collaboration includes representatives from hospice and palliative care, insurance, and others and will work to increase public awareness about advanced care planning and implement best practices in care settings.
A breakthrough imaging agent with an aggregate of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles and macroaggregated albumin, developed by researchers at the University of California at Berkeley, enabled magnetic particle imaging of lung capillaries in rat models. The findings, published in Physics in Medicine and Biology, may enable faster, non-invasive and radiation-free detection of pulmonary embolism in human patients in the future, said researcher Xinyi Zhou.
People who exercise regularly may mitigate the effects of a gene variant linked to a higher risk of obesity by about 30%, according to a study in the journal PLOS Genetics. Researchers said that overall, active people with the FTO variant appeared to be more resistant to its effects than those who had a sedentary lifestyle.
Six schools in Colorado's Thompson School District have salad bars, but the goal is to have a salad bar in every school to give students choices that encourage healthier eating habits, said Sarah Tomsic, nutrition services coordinator for the district. Parent groups are raising money for salad bars, and the district has applied for a grant from the Let's Move Salad Bars to Schools program.
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