Research shows exercise, not smoking, eating nuts and limiting alcohol consumption can help increase levels of high-density lipoprotein, the good cholesterol important to heart health. Registered dietitian nutritionist Libby Mills recommends limiting processed foods, because trans and saturated fats can negatively affect cholesterol levels, and eating more foods high in fiber.
The opioid addiction epidemic in the US is even affecting newborns, and one of the states hit hard by the crisis is Colorado. The state's Department of Public Health and Environment revealed that the number of infants born addicted to opioids rose nearly twofold from 2010 to 2015, while nationwide data show a 400% increase in the number of opioid-dependent babies since 2000.
Seven percent of young type 1 diabetes patients and 22% of young type 2 diabetes patients had diabetic peripheral neuropathy, and the risk of DPN was associated with glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes, but not among those with type 2 diabetes, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Researchers used a cohort of 1,992 youths with diabetes and found that there was an almost twofold increase in the prevalence of DPN with every 5-year increase in diabetes duration in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients.
A study in JCI Insight showed that patients with metabolic syndrome had significant reductions in insulin levels, insulin resistance and inflammatory markers 12 weeks after receiving galantamine, a drug commonly used to treat Alzheimer's disease, compared with those on placebo. Researchers evaluated 60 patients and found that the drug can reduce inflammation by more than 25% and could help prevent type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
Must-have kitchen gadgets that make preparing healthy meals easier include a mandoline, ginger grater and Microplane zester to help with grating and slicing, a spiralizer to turn vegetables into noodles, and a food brush, scoop and chef's knife, dietitians said. Registered dietitian nutritionist Jackie Newgent said a citrus reamer is the fastest way to get fresh juice from fruit and RDN Sara Hass said a stand mixer makes cooking and baking more efficient.
Registered dietitian Julie Buck writes that kitchen sponges can harbor bacteria, so a better option might be using a clean dish cloth every day or paper towels to mop up spills. The USDA's Manan Sharma said microwaving a wet sponge for a minute can eliminate a significant amount of bacteria, but just rinsing a sponge or soaking it in a bleach mixture or lemon juice does little to remove germs.
Japanese researchers found an increase in the number of type 2 diabetes patients who reached the end point of first occurrence or recurrence of cardiovascular disease with increasing ratio quartiles of visceral fat area to subcutaneous fat area over a median follow-up of 2.5 years. The findings in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation, based on 682 patients, revealed an association between incident or recurrent CVD and V/S ratio after adjusting for A1C, estimated glomerular filtration rate, use of antiplatelet agents, coefficient of variation of R-R intervals and brain-type natriuretic peptide.
Eating a protein such as meat or cheese with a sugar-sweetened drink may boost fat storage because about one-third of the beverage calories are not used by the body, less fat is broken down and less energy is needed for digestion, USDA researchers reported in BMC Nutrition. The study, which included 27 people, also found the combination may increase cravings for savory and salty foods.
A study in Nature suggests exercise by older adults may help prevent dementia by influencing brain metabolism to prevent increases in choline, which is linked to a loss of nerve cells. Researchers said adults who rode an exercise bike as part of a 12-week program had a stable choline concentration, while choline levels increased in a control group.
West Virginia's Board of Education plans to update its nutrition policy in August, aligning it with federal standards and adding safeguards for students. The proposed plan would prohibit schools from punishing students for unpaid meal debt, restrict homemade baked goods and ban the use of food or beverages as a reward or punishment.
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