Sixty-eight percent of 50 packaged baby food products contained "worrisome" levels of one or more heavy metals such as inorganic arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury, and 30% may be a "potential health risk" if consumed daily, while all products had at least one heavy metal, according to a Consumer Reports study. The report also showed higher levels of at least one heavy metal, especially inorganic arsenic, in products with sweet potatoes and rice, while organic food products had similar odds of containing heavy metals compared with nonorganic products.
Setting up software to install patches automatically, using two-factor authentication, thinking every day about what could go wrong, approaching requests for personal information with suspicion, diligently backing up data and using a password manager are among the top defenses cited by cybersecurity experts at two recent conferences in Las Vegas.
A meta-analysis that included more than 400,000 participants found that mortality risk was elevated for people who followed high-carbohydrate diets and those who followed low-carb diets, according to a report in The Lancet Public Health. Diets that provide 50% to 55% of total energy from carbohydrates were associated with lower mortality risk, with substitution of plant-based proteins for carbs further reducing mortality risk.
Social worker Amber Windhorst brings a four-footed team member when she makes her rounds of the public schools in Butler County, Mo. Bela, a certified therapy dog, will be a source of comfort to children coping with anxiety, stress and depression, says Windhorst.
The FDA approved Teva Pharmaceutical Industries' generic version of Mylan's widely prescribed EpiPen allergy auto-injector for use in children and adults weighing more than 33 pounds. The drug, which is the first generic version of EpiPen, delivers epinephrine and is approved in 0.3 mg or 0.15 mg doses.
Researchers evaluated 321 women with and without gestational diabetes and found that conducting an A1C test as early as the 10th week of pregnancy could potentially determine gestational diabetes risk. The findings, published in Scientific Reports, revealed that every 0.1 percentage point increase in A1C level above 5.1% in early pregnancy correlated with a 22% increased risk of gestational diabetes.
The five-year advanced-diabetes remission score, a new scoring system that uses machine-learning algorithms, was 85% accurate in predicting diabetes remission or relapse at five years among patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, compared with one-year postsurgical parameters, according to a study in Diabetes Care. French researchers used a cohort of 175 patients with type 2 diabetes and severe obesity and said that the five-year score should be integrated into practice at the 1-year follow-up assessment to help patients maximize their remission.
A study in the journal Epidemiology showed no association between the use of DPP-4 inhibitors and an increased risk of incident rheumatoid arthritis among patients with type 2 diabetes, compared with the use of other antidiabetes drugs. Researchers analyzed 144,603 patients and found that the incidence of rheumatoid arthritis was 79 per 100,000 per year among DPP-4 inhibitor users and 82 per 100,000 per year among users of other antidiabetes drugs.
A study published in the Frontiers in Endocrinology showed that people with prediabetes who wake, eat and do activities earlier in the day had a lower body mass index and potentially a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, compared with those who wake later and eat and sleep later in the evening. Researchers used a cohort of more than 2,000 prediabetes patients and also found an association between higher BMI and higher levels of social jet lag.
Physicians may help reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes nationwide by addressing barriers to care for minority patients, including spending time talking to patients and emphasizing the importance of diet, rest and exercise, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA Wire. Health care providers can also change the messaging around the disease and use personal experiences to describe its progression.
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