Rural US counties had the highest infant mortality rate between 2013 and 2015, with the highest prevalence of infant deaths due to congenital malformations, sudden infant death syndrome and unintentional injuries but the lowest rate of infant deaths due to low birth weight and maternal complications, compared with small and medium urban counties and large urban counties, according to a report in the CDC's NCHS Data Brief. The findings also showed the highest rates of post-neonatal deaths due to congenital malformations, homicide, SIDS and unintentional injuries in rural counties.
Research published in the journal Health Promotion Practice found 53% of 66 parents who received a BMI report card on their child did not believe it was accurate. The survey found 33% of parents said the report card caused them to consider their family's health habits, and 22% said it led them to contact a health care professional about their child's weight.
The University of Southern Mississippi is addressing a student hunger problem by allowing students who use its food pantry to eat in the dining hall. Students on meal plans can donate two meals per year to students in need and the dining hall will match each donation.
Enjoying a treat is easier for dieters who stay on top of their hunger by regularly eating balanced meals and snacks so they do not overindulge, said registered dietitian Niki Kubiak. Practice mindful eating habits when enjoying special foods, Kubiak says, and balance over-consumption with exercise.
Many people do not get enough omega-3 fatty acids, which are important to brain health, in their diet and could boost consumption by eating more fish and shellfish, says registered dietitian Chris Mohr. The body does not efficiently process plant-based sources of omega-3 fatty acids, however, so vegetarians and vegans should consider taking a supplement.
The total cost of hunger and food insecurity in Massachusetts totals $2.4 billion, according to a study by Children's HealthWatch, part of Boston Medical Center. CEO Kate Walsh said food is medicine and ensuring people have access to healthy food would reduce health care costs.
A study associated higher levels of plasma perfluoroalkyl substances -- chemicals used to make products nonstick or waterproof -- with greater weight regain after weight loss, researchers reported in PLOS Medicine. The link was strongest in women.
Egyptian researchers evaluated 40 type 2 diabetes patients and found greater reductions in body mass index and weight at 3, 6 and 12 months of follow-up and in waist circumference at 6 and 12 months among those who underwent bariatric surgery, compared with the abdominoplasty group. The findings in Bariatric Surgical Practice and Patient Care showed that the bariatric surgery group also experienced greater A1C and random blood glucose reductions from baseline at 12 months than the abdominoplasty group.
Adults who had a childhood heart defect were over two times more likely to develop early-onset dementia than those who did not have a heart defect, and the risk escalated with the severity of the heart condition, researchers reported in the journal Circulation. Adult survivors of childhood heart defects also were 30% more likely to develop dementia after age 65.
Swedish researchers who used PET found that patients with mild Parkinson's disease had significantly lower levels of dopamine transporter protein DAT in their nerve endings but had relatively intact DAT levels in nerve fibers and cell bodies, compared with healthy controls. The findings in the journal Movement Disorders suggest that proper treatment in early Parkinson's disease may restore dopamine function and that DAT could be used as a biomarker in evaluating new Parkinson's drugs and treatment approaches, said researcher Andrea Varrone.