Female patients diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder during childhood had a twofold increased likelihood of developing obesity in childhood and adulthood than those who didn't have ADHD, according to a study in Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Researchers assessed 1,001 individuals with and without childhood ADHD, all born between 1976 and 1982, and found no association between obesity and stimulant treatment among those with the disorder.
As research budgets and projections for growth increase, hospitals and health systems are investing in neuroscience to provide better patient care. Hospitals are investing in equipment so they can provide comprehensive diagnostics, and they are bringing multiple services into the same setting, giving patients ready access to therapy, rehabilitative, infusion and other services at the same site for optimum care coordination. Alison Kerr, an executive with Stanford Health Care, says her organization relied on a team of patients, who served as "subject matter experts" for design and care planning.
The canine influenza outbreak that began in the Chicago area last year hasn't stopped infecting dogs there, even as it spreads across the US. Veterinarian David Aul of Care Animal Hospital in Arlington Heights, Ill., said his practice sees a dog with canine influenza symptoms every other day. Area veterinarians remind owners to consider vaccination, particularly for dogs that visit kennels and other social situations where transmission is more likely to occur. The H3N2 virus circulating around the country is highly contagious, according to the AVMA.
Drug-naive patients with type 2 diabetes experienced significantly greater reductions in A1C and body weight 26 weeks after taking 100 mg canagliflozin plus metformin or 300 mg canagliflozin plus metformin, compared with metformin alone. The findings in Diabetes Care, based on 1,186 patients with a mean age of 54.9, also showed patients on canagliflozin monotherapy had comparable A1C reductions and greater weight loss than metformin monotherapy.
A study in Diabetes Care showed that type 2 diabetes patients increased the amount of physical activity and pace of walking over time when they received personalized feedback encouraging physical activity from a mobile phone application one to seven times a week, compared with the control group, who received reminders to exercise. Israeli researchers used a cohort of 27 patients who didn't engage in regular physical activity and found that patients using the personalized policy and those who had lower activity targets and higher initial A1C levels saw the most reduction in A1C levels.
The central nervous system may play a role in the development of diabetic peripheral neuropathy, especially before the appearance of symptoms and through changes in areas of the brain thought to be involved in detecting pain, according to a study in the journal Pain. Researchers used advanced MRI and magnetic resonance spectroscopy techniques to evaluate patients with DPN.
The World Health Organization on Thursday encouraged the deferral of blood donations from people who traveled in areas where Zika virus is active as a precautionary measure. On Wednesday, South American health ministers met in Uruguay to discuss the outbreak.
Pregnant women who consumed 30 grams of chocolate daily over a 12-week period had a reduced risk for preeclampsia, while the fetus showed improved circulatory health, researchers reported at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting. Canadian researchers used a cohort of almost 130 women at 11 to 14 weeks of their pregnancy and found an association between eating a small amount of chocolate and improvements in all blood circulation and velocity measurements.
Lawmakers on Thursday criticized Valeant Pharmaceuticals International and Turing Pharmaceuticals over dramatic price increases in a hearing, calling the moves "a black eye" on the industry. Valeant interim CEO Howard Schiller expressed some regret over the increases, saying future price changes will align with industry norms. Former Turing CEO Martin Shkreli did not answer questions.
HHS Secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell announced Thursday that about 12.7 million Americans signed up for health care coverage through Affordable Care Act exchanges, up from last year's final tally of 11.7 million. The number fell within the range of federal estimates and included 2.7 million people ages 18 to 34. The federal exchange garnered 5.6 million return customers and almost 4 million first-time enrollees, Burwell said.
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