An oversupply of food for human consumption has contributed to the global obesity epidemic, according to a study published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Researchers found food energy supply increased in 81% of 69 low- to high-income countries along with body weight. They cited increased urbanization, jobs that don't require any physical activity and dependence on cars as other factors that contribute to the global obesity epidemic.
Some 2.2 million people in the U.S. visited an emergency department in 2012 for a dental problem, compared with 1.1 million in 2000, according to an American Dental Association analysis of government data. The average cost per visit is $749 if the patient is not hospitalized, as some are, and most of the problems are preventable, experts say. About 64% of seniors and more than one-third of working-age adults lack dental insurance, and even in states that cover some dental care under Medicaid, many patients cannot find a dentist who will treat them because reimbursement rates are so low.
A marketing authorization application for BAY 81-8973, a recombinant factor VIII compound, has been filed in Japan by Bayer HealthCare as a treatment for hemophilia A patients. Regulatory applications were also submitted in the U.S. and the European Union for the same indication.
A BCC Research report predicts the value of the worldwide self-monitoring health technologies market will hit $18.8 billion in 2019, up from $3.2 billion last year. The study also found that 81% of the roughly 21 million people who monitored their health using smartphones in 2013 were from the U.S., where self-tracking is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 27.9% in the five-year period from 2014 to 2019.
The CMS is proposing changes to how Medicare covers stays in the hospital for observation. The CMS would allow inpatient coverage of some short hospital stays based on a doctor's judgment instead of requiring a hospital stay to span at least two midnights to be considered an inpatient stay.
Children 7 years old or younger who are starting public school in Oregon will be required to have a dental screening or prove they have had one beginning in the 2016-17 academic year. Screenings may be performed by dentists, dental hygienists or qualified school personnel and must have been done within the past 12 months.
Dog owners should read food labels and keep their dogs away from anything containing xylitol, an artificial sweetener found in sugar-free gum, candy and even some nut butters, according to University of Tennessee veterinarian Angela Witzel. In dogs, xylitol ingestion stimulates an insulin surge in the bloodstream, driving blood glucose to dangerously low levels, which causes lethargy, seizures and even death, Dr. Witzel says. If a dog has eaten something with xylitol, Dr. Witzel says owners should rub syrup on the animal's gums to get sugar into the animal's bloodstream quickly and then seek immediate veterinary care.
A Veracode study that examined the state of security of online and mobile solutions revealed health care lags behind other industries when it comes to addressing cryptographic issues and vulnerabilities remediation. Veracode found cryptographic problems including weak algorithms in 80% of health care solutions.
UnityPoint Health Accountable Care Organization has implemented a new care coordination model with Webster County Health Department in Iowa to boost care coordination among providers and increase the availability of care services to rural patients. The Tri-Navigational System, launched through a grant provided by the state, employs care navigators and implements Epic's integrated EHR platform to link mental health and primary care providers to public health authorities. Since the launch of the new model last year, the ACO reported more than 3,000 individuals from six counties had services from primary care and mental health providers.
A study in the journal JAMA Surgery found that about one-third of obese type 2 diabetes patients were in partial or complete remission three years after undergoing weight-loss surgery, while none of those in the intensive lifestyle weight-loss program group were in remission. More disease remission was observed among patients who combined bariatric surgery with low-level lifestyle intervention than among those engaging in lifestyle intervention alone, said lead study author Dr. Anita P. Courcoulas.