Researchers found that 28.6% of all cancer deaths in people older than 35 in the US in 2014 were attributable to smoking, according to a study published in JAMA Internal Medicine. The report also shows that southern states made up nine of the top 10 states with the highest smoking-related cancer mortality for men and six of the top 10 for women.
Tea may have health benefits but nutrition experts say "teatoxes" aimed at detoxifying the body and boosting metabolism should not be considered an effective weight-loss strategy. Registered dietitians Annie Courto and Kristan Delle says teatoxes are marketed as a quick fix for weight loss but are not FDA regulated and may contain laxatives that can increase the risk of nutrient deficiencies and gut imbalances.
Researchers analyzed 10 large contemporary studies of type 2 diabetes remission rates following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery and found that the reported rates of partial remission were up to 30 percentage points higher than complete remission rates. The findings in Diabetes Care revealed that 69% of the variability in cumulative rates of remission, which remained stable at three years, was attributed to the length of the study, with the explained variability increasing to 87% after adjusting for attrition.
Type 2 diabetes patients didn't experience any improvement in hepatic or peripheral insulin sensitivity after being treated with 150 mg/day resveratrol for 30 days, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Dutch researchers used a cohort of 17 patients with well-controlled diabetes and found that resveratrol significantly improved the patients' ex vivo mitochondrial function.
An Israeli study in Diabetes Care showed that type 2 diabetes patients with baseline normoalbuminuria, macroalbuminuria and microalbuminuria showed improvement and/or less deterioration in the albumin/creatinine ratio 2.1 years after being treated with saxagliptin, compared with those on placebo. The findings, based on 16,492 diabetes patients, revealed that both the saxagliptin and placebo groups had similar safety renal outcomes and estimated glomerular filtration rates.
Ninety-five percent of physician practices participating in the CMS Comprehensive Primary Care program met quality measures and the initiative generated $57.7 million in gross savings to Medicare parts A and B last year, according to the CMS. Participating providers were offered fees for providing five primary care functions intended to improve care and reduce costs.
Median monthly premiums are up 16% for the second-lowest-priced silver plans available on HealthCare.gov, HHS announced, and average increases are 25% for benchmark plans, but 78% of exchange-eligible consumers are expected to meet standards for financial assistance, and about 75% of consumers should be able to pay less than $75 per month. The report also found federal marketplace shoppers will choose from among an average of 30 plans in the coming open enrollment period.
The idea of giving up meat on one day of the week has been around for decades but gained popularity in the early 2000s as more people began to understand the environmental and health effects of eating animal protein, said registered dietitian Diana Rice of the Monday Campaigns, the parent organization of the Meatless Monday initiative. Rice said schools like having Meatless Monday because it saves money and allows them to serve more fresh produce.
Researchers using functional MRI found that study participants who told a small lie at the expense of their partner initially had increased activity in the amygdala, involved in emotional processing and arousal, but succeedingly bigger lies resulted in decreased amygdala response, suggesting that the brain responds less over time and makes it easier to tell lies. The findings in Nature Neuroscience, based on imaging from 80 participants in a two-person guessing game, also showed that a larger decline in amygdala activity was tied to the magnitude of future self-serving dishonesty.
Industry groups criticized an FDA plan to issue voluntary guidelines that encourage food manufacturers to limit sodium in their products and recommend people reduce salt consumption gradually to 2,300 milligrams per day. The American Heart Association said reduced sodium intake could lead to lower blood pressure and heart disease risks, but some manufacturers contend it is needed to preserve foods and add taste.
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