A study at the University of Texas Health Science Center that compared people who did yoga, a gym workout or just consistent activity found all three had similar effects on body fat, fitness and physical function. Researcher Daniel Hughes said people should be active, even if it is just 10 minutes at a time, but should chose an activity they enjoy and can stick with long-term.
Eli Lilly & Co. has agreed to broaden its collaboration with Innovent Biologics to specify the distribution rights for as many as three experimental cancer drugs arising from the partnership. Under the terms of the new deal, Innovent will commercialize the drugs in China contingent on an opt-in right by Eli Lilly, while marketing of the treatments outside of China will be handled by Eli Lilly. Innovent is entitled to receive milestone fees of more than $1 billion.
The functional connectivity patterns of the brain are unique to individuals, much like a fingerprint, according to Yale University researchers. The team used functional MRI to scan 126 people and found that the connectivity of the frontoparietal cortex appears to vary most among individuals. "We demonstrate that it is possible, with near-perfect accuracy in many cases, to identify an individual from a large group of subjects solely on the basis of his or her connectivity matrix," the researchers wrote in Nature Neuroscience.
The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that many patients who may have hypertension should have their condition confirmed outside the doctor's office, with ambulatory or home blood pressure monitoring, before beginning treatments. The final recommendations were published in Annals of Internal Medicine. However, patients with very high blood pressure should not wait for confirmation, nor should those who have other health concerns such as heart disease, Task Force Vice-Chair Dr. Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo.
The 20 best-selling pharmaceuticals in the world cost on average three times more in the US as in the UK, six times more than in Brazil and 16 times more than in India, the country with the lowest prices for most of the drugs. The study notes that approval of generic drugs is slower in the US and many older drugs are subject to regular price increases.
A study of 1,533 cancer survivors found they had a lower mean score on the Healthy Eating Index, compared with a group of people who had not had cancer, and they consumed less fiber and more refined sugars and fat, researchers reported in the journal Cancer. Data showed older cancer survivors, those with a college education and former or non-smokers had healthier diets, compared with younger survivors, those who were less educated and smokers.
Full adoption of electronic health records, higher registered nurse-to-bed ratios, home health care, inpatient physical rehabilitation and pain management programs were keys to reducing the "weekend effect" for patients who have surgery on weekends, researchers reported in the Annals of Surgery. Researchers analyzed data on 126,666 patients at 166 hospitals, 17 of which overcame the weekend effect.
Recent publicity has had phones ringing at Renaissance Pet Resort and Spa in Banning, Calif., as parrot owners look for a way to surrender their pets. Parrots can live 70 years, and they are intelligent, social animals that require more attention than some people realize. In some cases, people receive parrots as gifts or otherwise acquire them without fully understanding the commitment involved.
Yersinia pestis, the bacterium behind the Black Death, originated in a much less virulent form, an innocuous gastrointestinal pathogen called Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. With just a few mutations, the precursor pathogen became the virulent Y. pestis, and plague was born. Research comparing Y. pestis strains from outbreaks shows the bacterium developed its deadly characteristics relatively recently and hasn't changed much since.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology has compiled a guide intended to prevent "never events" and promote patient safety by reducing EHR user errors related to poor system design. NIST researchers identified three major EHR design issues that compromise patient safety: lost data; information being kept in multiple locations; and difficulties with the data integrity, consistency or identification. The guide recommends designs that consistently display critical information in designated areas; provide cues that reduce the risk of wrong-patient data entry errors; and support the display of data in simple, well-organized formats.
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