A study in Pediatrics found that 32% of children and young adults with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes were not getting routine hemoglobin A1C tests and 34% were not getting eye exams as recommended by the American Diabetes Association. Researchers found that older children and teens and low-income children were less likely to be compliant than younger children and those from families with higher incomes.
Taking vitamin D supplements helped increase beta-cell function and regulate hemoglobin A1C levels in patients with pre-diabetes, a study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found. While researchers said the findings suggest that vitamin D supplementation may improve markers for type 2 diabetes, the results do not necessarily link vitamin D intake to reduced diabetes risk.
The American Diabetes Association issued new clinical guidelines calling for the use of the hemoglobin A1C blood test in diagnosing Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes, saying it is easier and more convenient than other testing. The guidelines say A1C levels between 5.7% and 6.4% indicate prediabetes, while levels of 6.5% or higher warrant a diabetes diagnosis.
Children as young as 10 and 11 aren't always happy with their bodies, even if they aren't overweight, according to a study of more than 4,200 fifth-graders in Canada. Data showed 7.3% of girls and 7.8% of boys reported "bad body satisfaction."
A survey of 151 minority patients with Type 2 diabetes found 1 in 3 thought their medical provider could cure their disease or didn't understand it was a chronic condition. The study showed most didn't know about the hemoglobin A1C test to gauge long-term blood glucose control. Researchers said the responses represent opportunities for health care providers to target barriers to successful diabetes management.