Data on 16,718 women indicate that those who took calcium supplements alone or in combination with vitamin D after enrolling in the Women's Health Initiative study were 13% to 22% more likely to experience heart problems. Researchers, whose study appears in the British Medical Journal, also did a meta-analysis of 13 other studies and found that calcium-supplement use was tied to elevated risks of heart attacks and strokes.
Data on 270 individuals found that those who were assigned to a low-carbohydrate diet had lower rates of food cravings for carbs and starches and a decreased preference for carbohydrate- and sugar-rich foods than those who followed a low-fat diet. Those who went on a low-fat diet craved fewer high-fat foods and had a greater decline in preference for low-carb, high-protein foods than the low-carb dieters did.
More schools in the U.S. and other countries have begun grading students' weight based on body mass index and including the results in report cards in an effort to combat childhood obesity. "When students and their parents 'know their numbers' and the consequences of those numbers, they are more likely to do something about them," Dr. Lloyd Sederer of the New York State Office of Mental Health wrote in a blog post quoted here.
Chefs in Los Angeles are giving the classic chopped salad new textures and nontraditional flavors to help it regain its popularity. The chef at Foundry on Melrose tosses diced red-purple beets, roasted butternut squash, fennel, celery, cucumber, currants, piquillo peppers and pistachios into his new version of the chopped salad. Most cooks also suggest switching from iceburg lettuce to greens such as romaine and radicchio.
Quinoa, a food staple considered sacred by the Incas thousands of years ago, is experiencing a modern renaissance as a gluten-free grain, a complete protein and a versatile health food for use in breads, cereals and beverages. Shauna James Ahern offers quinoa recipes on her blog "Gluten-Free Girl," including a fruit-crumble topping with quinoa flakes, red quinoa topped with butternut squash, tofu and red peppers, and a summery quinoa salad with smoked salmon and capers.