Melanoma rates among young women are rising, but early detection and treatment can prevent death, Dr. Lawrence Samuels, chief of dermatology at St. Luke's Hospital in St. Louis, writes. Though melanoma can occur in anyone, people with light-colored hair or eyes, who freckle or burn after exposure to ultraviolet rays, or who have more than 25 moles are at the greatest risk. The "ABCDE" method can help people identify lesions that should be checked immediately by a dermatologist. Lesions that show asymmetry, border irregularity, color variation, diameter larger than six millimeters or evolving shape, size, color, elevation or sensation are most likely to be cancerous.

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