Establishing a uniformed culture of preparedness in the U.S. in the face of a disaster can be more challenging than it is in smaller nations like Japan, writes James Carafano, a national security research expert at the Heritage Foundation. Americans only prepare for disasters that they have already experienced, and their response to disasters are driven by how they feel at the moment, he adds. The best way to establish a culture of preparedness is building "strong families, caring communities and a culture of responsibility, resilience and self-reliance," Carafano writes.

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