Seniors will make up about 40% of Japan's population by the year 2060, at which time the island nation's current population of 128 million will be a third smaller, according to the country's Health and Welfare Ministry. Noting the stresses that are likely to ensue, demography expert Noriko Tsuya said that "pension programs, employment and labor policy and social security system in this country are not designed to reflect such rapidly progressing population decline or aging."

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