The Environmental Protection Agency has been shifting its focus to larger cases "that are going to make the biggest differences" rather than smaller civil-enforcement cases, the EPA's Cynthia Giles said. The agency started 3,027 civil-enforcement cases in fiscal 2012, down from 3,283 the previous fiscal year and 3,436 in fiscal 2010. Civil penalties during fiscal 2012 totaled $208 million, setting a record and surpassing the $152 million assessed in the previous fiscal year.

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