The U.S. and Canada have settled on a new livestock and meat trade agreement that allows for the countries to halt trade from a specific region, rather than the entire country, in the event of a disease outbreak. In 2003, all Canadian beef imports into the U.S. were stopped after bovine spongiform encephalopathy was found on a farm in western Canada. Under the new system -- which isn't yet in effect -- imports from that region would have been stopped, sparing the rest of Canada's livestock industry from substantial economic losses.

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