Neuroscientist Henry Markram is the brains behind Blue Brain, a web of nearly 10,000 virtual neurons designed to simulate living brain waves. Markram's next step, the Human Brain Project, will simulate an entire brain on a supercomputer. Critics say the project is poorly defined and premature, and will siphon scarce funds from other programs, but Markram sees his project as a unifying principle for other neuroscientists.

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