Gender-based violence threatens women's health and safety, yet few prospective studies examine violence predictors. In a 20-year study of 2,838 women, 61% reported index gender-based violence history; over follow-up, 10% reported sexual violence and 21% reported physical violence. Time-varying risk factors for gender-based violence included recent transactional sex, low income, and marijuana use. For physical violence specifically, time-varying risk factors also included housing instability, unemployment, exceeding seven drinks/week, and use of crack, cocaine, or heroin. Violence prevention strategies must address accumulated trauma, underlying structural determinants of economic vulnerability, and persistent substance use to improve women's health and safety.
Behavioral-based interviewing may be a method of reducing not only the risk of violence in the workplace but also the risk of expenses related to hiring the wrong person, writes Kathleen Bonczyk. By having candidates discuss how they have reacted under stressful work scenarios or dealt with frustration, hiring managers may be able to ascertain clues regarding their temperament.
Should the current push against media violence lead to a pushback from the TV viewing public, the programming landscape, including hard news, could be dramatically altered, Wayne Friedman writes. "[Y]ou'll be seeing a lot more singing competitions, straight-ahead comedies, harmless primetime soaps about musicals or other workplace scenarios, and news," he writes. "Zombies? Nope. Gang-related story lines? Nope. News stories about errant violent acts in your neighborhood? Maybe not so much either."
A recent shooting in Connecticut serves as a reminder of the possibility of workplace violence after an employee is let go. Experts say employers need to have employee dismissal plans in place to deal with the potential for retaliation by a worker. For example, security officers may be needed, and managers should be better trained to handle potential conflict. "Your actions and words need to be crafted such that they don't further inflame the situation," says Jim Francis, a security consultant.
In a recent report, the FCC asked Congress to take a closer look at violence on TV, including a law that would allow the FCC to enforce a standard for excessive violent programming. The Wall Street Journal asked former FCC commissioner Gloria Tristani to debate the merits of the FCC proposal with "Law & Order" executive producer Rene Balcer.