Allowing nurse practitioners to practice independently without physician oversight will help alleviate the impending shortage of primary care physicians, some experts say. AANP's 43,000 members can provide basic care if state laws would give them more autonomy. "We have a ready-made, no-added-cost workforce in place that could be providing care at a much higher level if we modernize our state laws," said Taynin Kopanos, AANP's vice president of state governmental affairs. "So the question for states is, are you going to fully deploy this resource or not?" Kopanos added.