Harvard Stem Cell Institute scientists have discovered a hormone called betatrophin that can stimulate the production of insulin-producing beta cells. The finding could lead to treatments that prevent type 2 diabetes or reduce the need for insulin injections. "Even if it doesn't address insulin resistance, what [betatrophin] will do is lower blood sugar, and anything that lowers blood sugar can make you healthier," said Douglas Melton, lead author of the paper, which was published in the journal Cell.

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