It usually takes several attempts -- and several failures -- to make a big breakthrough, said AOL co-founder Steve Case. One notable example of this philosophy was the quest to land someone on the moon. "I think it requires a mindset around experimentation and taking risks knowing that many things you try won't work," he said.
An exponential entrepreneur is someone who works with rapidly changing technology and takes advantage of crowdsourcing and cutting-edge psychological techniques, says Steven Kotler, co-author of "Bold: How to Go Big, Create Wealth and Impact the World." Exponential technologies generally go through a growth cycle that starts with digitalization and ultimately reaches democratization, he says.
Leaders need intellectual horsepower to be accompanied by skills and polish to communicate their expertise and serious-mindedness, says Sylvia Ann Hewlett. "No matter how profound your gravitas, if you can't somehow get it across, it becomes dead in the water," Hewlett says.
"More than one-third of the population will be working online by the year 2020," says oDesk CEO Gary Swart. The shift to online work and online recruiting allows companies to find the right candidates and enables workers to frame their brand, Swart says.
A rare species of tiger in Russia has been succumbing to canine distemper virus, which may be responsible for at least 1% of the big cats' deaths. Pathologists at the Wildlife Conservation Society in New York studied tissue samples from five wild Amur, or Siberian, tigers that died from a neurological disease, and found that the distemper virus killed two of the animals, and was present in a third. "Losing 1% of an endangered population is pretty significant," said Denise McAloose, a researcher on the study.