The CDC considers the pathogen that causes plague a Category A bio­­terrorism agent. Although the Yersinia pestis bacteria is not likely to be eliminated entirely, years of research and education at the disease's epicenter in Africa could help protect against future bioterrorism attacks. The CDC has developed a rapid dipstick test that diagnoses plague from a small amount of blood or urine and supported an effort to educate traditional healers in Ugandan villages about the symptoms of plague and other infectious diseases so people can get life-saving diagnoses and treatment.

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