In adults over 65, lower cognitive ability is associated with a greater risk for stroke, according to research reported in the journal Stroke. Declines in cognitive function accelerated after stroke and, stroke plus cognitive changes was associated with mortality risk, the study found.
Researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center found patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease were at a greater risk of cognitive decline. The findings in the Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications demonstrate that additional cardiovascular factors such as calcified plaque and vascular status, and not diabetes status by itself, play a role in diabetes-related cognitive decline, the study's lead author said.
A task force report by the American Diabetes Association and The Endocrine Society noted that the occurrence of hypoglycemia in the absence of blood glucose readings may be classified as "probable symptomatic hypoglycemia," while hypoglycemic symptoms with a reading above 70 mg/dL may be deemed "pseudo-hypoglycemia." Researchers also highlighted the need for customized diabetes treatments that focus on children and older patients. The report appears in Diabetes Care and the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
Adding 10 minutes to the time it takes to prepare a meal reduces the chances of exercising for 10 additional minutes, a study presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America revealed. Ohio State University researchers said public health officials should take into account the time people have to spend on healthy behaviors each day and realize one healthy behavior can come at the expense of another.
Whether or not patients suffered a stroke, atrial fibrillation has a substantial association with cognitive impairment and dementia, according to a meta-analysis in the Annals of Internal Medicine. This link could be attributed to shared risk factors like hypertension, diabetes and congestive heart failure, researchers said.