The relationship between workers and employers began shifting during a recession in the early 1980s, when companies were forced to lay off well-trained employees, says Peter Cappelli of the Wharton School. When the economy picked up again, there was a glut of talented workers for employers to hire, and the "free agent" model became ingrained in the workforce, Cappelli says. Since then, management strategies that focused on minimizing labor costs have served to further erode the traditional relationship between workers and employers, experts say.

Related Summaries