The term "optimization" is often a misnomer when applied to transportation-management systems that can create unrealistic expectations, writes Mitch Weseley, CEO of 3Gtms. These systems actually use a heuristic approach that attempts to identify a good strategy under a certain set of constraints. "What separates one TMS from another is in the way it manages and works with these constraints -- within the algorithms embedded in the TMS," he writes.

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