Too many bosses try to solve their employees' problems for them, writes Joel Garfinkle, with the result that they forget how to think or act for themselves. To put things right, make independent thought and action an explicit expectation, demonstrate that behavior and encourage continued attention to self-improvement. "The time you’ve invested will get paid back when they start doing on their own what you used to do for or with them," Garfinkle writes.

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