Trial of labor in women who underwent a previous cesarean section due to a failed operative vaginal delivery is associated with relatively high success rates.
Predicting the likelihood of vaginal delivery in nulliparous women is possible using maternal characteristics and ultrasound parameters derived during the first stage of labor.
Primary human trophoblasts confer resistance to clinically relevant viruses linked to perinatal infections in nontrophoblast cells, but not to intracellular bacteria or parasites.
Recurrent pregnancy loss is an independent risk factor for long term maternal cardiovascular complications and for hospitalizations due to a cardiovascular cause.
First stage duration ≥95th percentile is associated with an increased risk of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes, which must be balanced against the risks of cesarean delivery for labor arrest.
Contraceptive counseling and access to effective contraceptive methods in the postpartum period is vital to improving optimal birth spacing.