"Prehabilitation," which involves improving physical fitness before having medical treatments, may lead to better outcomes and reduce complications for cancer patients, Harvard Medical School researchers reported in the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. A study review found that lung cancer patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who walked before surgery reduced their need for tracheostomy and prolonged oxygen, and another group of lung cancer patients who bicycled and did strength training improved their aerobic capacity.

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