Using low-calorie sweeteners in place of sugar may help reduce increases in blood glucose levels and help prevent and manage type 2 diabetes, according to a study in the journal U.S. Endocrinology. Researchers said artificial sweeteners may also aid in weight control, as they do not pose negative effects on insulin and hormone levels.
Data presented at the Obesity Society meeting revealed no significant difference between Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery and a very low-calorie diet in boosting insulin sensitivity and secretion in type 2 diabetes patients. Researchers examined 22 patients and found insulin sensitivity increased to 2.2 in both groups, while insulin response increased to 86.9 in the surgery group and 84.8 in the diet group.
Overweight or obese but otherwise healthy women who lost as much as 13 pounds through a hypocaloric diet over six months had a 26% reduction in myocardial triglycerides, suggesting that weight loss from a low-calorie diet might protect cardiac function, researchers reported in the Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance.
Consuming either table sugar or high-fructose corn syrup did not appear to hinder weight loss in participants who undertook a low-calorie diet, according to a study in Nutrition Journal. The findings demonstrate that reduced-calorie diets cause similar weight loss regardless of the type and amount of sugar consumed, researchers said.
A San Diego company called Healthy Dining helps people find restaurants with low-calorie, healthy foods and assists eateries in complying with nutrition-data posting requirements. Founder and nutritionist Anita Jones-Mueller's website, HealthyDiningFinder.com, allows people to search by ZIP code for the 60,000 restaurants in a database that have menu items under its limit of 750 calories.