A Canadian study in Obstetrics & Gynecology found women with preeclampsia, particularly severe or early-onset preeclampsia, had a greater risk of having maternal retinal disease, such as retinal detachment and retinopathy, after pregnancy. The findings, based on more than 1.1 million women who gave birth from 1989 to 2013, showed the link to be strongest for traction detachments, diabetic retinopathy and retinal breaks.
Researchers found that although the International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups guidelines for gestational diabetes screening diagnosed 27% of women with the disease, compared with 17% using the Carpenter-Coustan method, there was no significant difference on the rate of infants who were large for their gestational age and sex. The findings in Obstetrics & Gynecology were based on 6,066 pregnancies from 2010 to 2013.
Data from the Nurses' Health Study II and the Growing Up Today Study showed that the use of hormonal contraception during adolescence was lower in lesbians than their heterosexual peers, and higher among other sexual minority groups. All sexual minority groups in both cohorts, with the exception of lesbians from the nurse study, were at greater risk of teen pregnancy, researchers reported in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.