Needle-like structures inside thunderclouds observed by the Low Frequency Array in the Netherlands are what make it possible for lightning to strike twice, according to findings published in Nature. "These data allow us to detect lightning propagation at a scale where, for the first time, we can distinguish the primary processes," says study co-author Brian Hare.
The University of Louisville in Kentucky is partnering with IBM to open a new skills academy in the fall aimed at preparing students for high-tech jobs. IBM says it plans to open four additional Skills Academies at universities in the US.
Some interstellar objects that were kicked out of their original star systems may help seed planetary formation elsewhere, a study published on arXiv.org suggests. Researchers surmise that such ejected debris may possibly speed up the formation process.
The Stanford Institute for Immunity, Transplantation and Infection has been awarded a $12 million grant renewal by the NIH to continue studying seasonal flu vaccines. The funds will support ongoing research into the human immune system and methods to improve flu vaccines.
Funding of $24.4 million has been awarded by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society to 64 research projects and fellowships around the world to further studies into the disease. Awardees will examine what causes multiple sclerosis, along with ways to block its progression and reverse nerve damage.
As in other parts of the world, glaciers in the Pacific Northwest and Alaska are melting. Scientists are working to determine what these changes will mean for the ecosystems that depend on them and how species such as salmon will be affected.
A committee of researchers from around the world will soon meet to determine whether the Anthropocene should be considered a new geological epoch and, if so, whether it started in the middle of the 20th century. Geography professor Jan Zalasiewicz, who chairs the Anthropocene Working Group, cites the period of industrialization that occurred after World War II as a key global force.
Students at a Minnesota high school are preparing for careers in fields such as manufacturing, health care and IT through the school's Career Pathways program. Students enrolled in the program participate in internships, field trips and job shadowing.
Seniors at a Kentucky high school are working with businesses in their community through the school's Serve and Learn program. The program is aimed, in part, at teaching students the soft skills they will need to succeed in the workforce after graduation.
Wake Technical Community College in Raleigh, N.C., will graduate the first participants in an intensive 9-1-1 training course that helps prepare students for the stress of working at an emergency call center. "These people are, in fact, our lifeline," Officer Glenn Mitchell said about participants in the advanced course, a pilot program with 200 more hours than conventional options.
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