President Donald Trump said forthcoming guidance will recommend that Americans wear cloth masks or face coverings in public to prevent the spread of COVID-19, although another official said the specifics are still being debated. "In light of these new data, along with evidence of widespread transmission in communities across the country, CDC recommends the community use of cloth masks as an additional public health measure people can take to prevent the spread of virus to those around them," said a copy of the guidance obtained by The Washington Post.
The novel coronavirus has now infected more than 1 million and killed almost 53,000 people worldwide as cases continue to surge in the US, according to figures from Johns Hopkins University. The US accounted for more than 245,000 infections and more than 6,000 deaths, while Italy and Spain reported 13,915 and 10,935 deaths, respectively.
A study in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report found 35.1% workers had experienced a work-related health problem, with back pain the most commonly reported at 19.4%. Data showed 14.7% of respondents had a work-related injury that required medical care, and there was significant variation in work-related health issues by age, education, and race or ethnicity.
Metabolic adaptation to chronic exercise training in men was greater than previously believed, according to a study published in the journal Cardiovascular Research. The exercise program was associated with lower BMI from baseline to completion, but the study also showed higher aerobic fitness was linked to big decreases in ketone body substrates and fatty acids in plasma, as well as significant changes in metabolic substrates.
Researchers studied 1,463 patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and found that children and adolescents who discontinued their ADHD medications had a small but significantly higher decrease in quality of life scores, compared with adults who also discontinued ADHD medications and those who maintained ADHD medications. The findings were published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.
Youths who were exposed to proton pump inhibitors had a 1.4% increased likelihood of fractures, compared with those who were unexposed to PPIs, researchers reported in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. The findings, based on data from the Pediatric Hospital Information System database from June 2011 to December 2015, also showed that upper extermity was the most common fracture location, but the PPI cohort was more likely to suffer from spinal, rib and lower extermity fractures, compared with the non-PPI group.
Tennessee is adding options for residents to get mental health support, with the state Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services taking two mobile clinics to rural areas via a $10 million federal grant and expanding telehealth. One county alone has seen 10 deaths by suicide in six days, says the Tennessee Suicide Prevention Network.
The National Academy of Sciences sent a letter to the White House saying the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 could be spread through aerosolized droplets generated by talking or even breathing. Dr. Harvey Fineberg, chairman of a NAS committee, said he plans to start covering his face at the grocery store, though he won't wear a surgical mask because those are needed for clinical care.
Health Care Service Corp. said it is waiving cost-sharing for COVID-19 treatment and offering a special enrollment period to boost coverage among the uninsured during the pandemic. The enrollment period runs through the end of April.
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