Peter Bauer, who spent more than a decade as an Army clinical social worker, says he hopes Americans will remember the importance of Memorial Day and support service members. "I hope that as we remember, this year and in the future, those who have died and those who have been injured, both physically and mentally, that we have the resolve as a country to truly help those who have served," Bauer wrote.
Veterinarians at Tufts University's Cummings Veterinary Medical Center are running a clinical trial on a long-lasting insulin that would require weekly instead of twice-daily injections. If successful, the medicine could improve quality of life for diabetic dogs and their owners, says veterinarian Orla Mahony, who is also designing a trial of long-lasting insulin for cats.
Chronic wasting disease may be shrinking some elk and deer herds in North America, taking a toll on state economies that benefit from hunting and heightening fears the prion disease could jump to other species, including humans. The USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service recently finalized standards for the Chronic Wasting Disease Herd Certification Program, which includes guidelines for testing, disease investigation and prevention.
A study in Diabetes Care showed that 28.1% of patients with type 2 diabetes were nonadherent to antidiabetes, lipid-lowering and/or antihypertensive medications, with the highest nonadherence seen for statins and lowest for oral hypoglycemic drugs. UK researchers analyzed urine samples from 228 patients and found that nonadherent patients had significantly higher A1C levels, lipid profiles and albumin-to-creatinine ratios than those who were adherent to their treatment.
Researchers used a cohort of 1,313 adults with type 1 diabetes, median age of 53, and found that 93% would consider using an adjunct therapy of 200 mg or 400 mg sotagliflozin, with the 400-mg dose as the preferred option, compared with taking insulin alone. The findings in Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics revealed that maintaining A1C levels within a target range, making diabetes management less stressful and keeping daytime blood glucose levels between 70 mg/dL and 180 mg/dL were among the unmet needs considered high priority among patients.
Individuals who fasted for 15 hours daily as part of Ramadan had higher blood levels of the proteins tropomyosin 1, 3 and 4, which are responsible for the regulation of skeletal muscle and heart contraction and help maintain the health of cells related to insulin resistance, between baseline and one week after the fasting period, researchers reported at the Digestive Disease Week. Based on 14 healthy people, findings showed that the "timing of and duration between meals could be important factors to consider for people struggling with obesity-related conditions," said lead study author Dr. Ayse Leyla Mindikoglu.
A major government overhaul of the health care system such as Medicare for All could lead to fewer health care jobs -- one estimate puts the loss at 2 million -- but some economists and policy experts say it's time to look beyond the initial transition to the good the change could bring to the US economy. Stanford University economist and physician Dr. Kevin Schulman said focusing on potential losses in health care ignores the painful effects of high medical costs on the rest of the economy.
CaptureRX CEO Chris Hotchkiss, described by co-workers and friends as eccentric and "like a resurrected hippie," is leading his company's battle against competition from pharmacy chains that have cut into the bottom line. Hotchkiss says he has a strategy for the company, which helps hospitals and clinics manage 340B drug discount program compliance, admits he's unsure about the company's future and says he'll keep fighting.
Individuals with mild cognitive impairment, especially those with positive cerebrospinal fluid markers signifying Alzheimer's disease, had worse performance in a virtual reality navigation task, compared with those who were cognitively healthy, UK researchers reported in the journal Brain. The findings also showed that the VR test better distinguished low-risk MCI patients from high-risk ones, compared with standard cognitive tests.
Researchers found that prior hematologic malignancies were linked to the development of aerodigestive tract cancer, sinosanal cancer, salivary gland cancer, thyroid cancer, oral cavity cancer, oropharynx cancer and larynx cancer. The findings in JAMA Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery also showed worse two- and five-year overall survival rates for head and neck cancer subsites among those with previous hematologic malignancies.
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