Linebacker Max McDonald is back on the Colorado State University field this spring, a development he owes to his decision to step away from football for most of 2018 to concentrate on dealing with anxiety. "There is a stigma out there in society [that] you've got to be a man and be tough and shut up about it," says McDonald, who encourages people with mental health challenges to seek help.
Worldwide, 35% of pet owners surveyed said they either do or would consider feeding their pets a vegan diet, and 27% of pet owners who follow a vegan diet themselves do not feed their pets animal-derived foods, researchers reported in PLOS ONE. As the human health and environmental implications of plant-based diets gain attention, more people are likely to want to reduce the amount of meat they feed their pets, but more research is needed on the nutritional aspects of plant-based pet diets, says veterinarian Sarah Dodd, the study's lead author.
A study in the Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology showed that using a point-of-care A1C test with venous blood samples or finger stick may accurately predict diabetes among adults and was "highly correlated" with the National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program values. Researchers analyzed samples from 120 adults, mean age of 57, and found that 97.1% of results from the venous blood POC tests and 97.5% of those from the finger-stick POC tests fell within 6% of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial's reference method.
Researchers examined 773 diabetes patients who underwent total joint arthroplasty and found significantly higher average postoperative and preoperative A1C levels among those who were insulin dependent than those who were not insulin dependent. The findings, presented at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting, revealed that patients in the insulin-dependent group experienced a 5.2-fold increase in postoperative hyperglycemia greater than 200 mg/dL.
Excess body weight during childhood may be a factor in the risk of developing multiple sclerosis, instead of early puberty, researchers reported in the journal Neurology. Nicholas LaRocca of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society said the study is important because it identifies BMI as a possible modifiable risk factor for MS.
Researchers found that older adults who ate more than 10 grams of nuts daily had up to 60% improved cognitive function, compared with those who didn't eat nuts, even after accounting for body mass index, energy intake, lifestyle and demographic. The findings in The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging were based on 22-year China Health Nutrition Survey data involving 4,822 individuals older than 55.
Tech firms such as Amazon and traditional companies like CVS have entered the health care marketplace and have become highly capitalized disruptors, so hospitals and health systems will have to make changes to meet the needs of patients and communities to compete with them, American Hospital Association CEO Rick Pollack told an AHA forum. Pollack said a big factor driving health care innovation and transformation is that people want care to be more convenient, and they are becoming more engaged in their own care.
Industry experts say the upshot of Biogen's decision to halt development of its leading Alzheimer's candidate, aducanumab, may be that the biotech gets more active in mergers and acquisitions. John LaMattina, former president of Pfizer Global Research and Development, writes that Biogen may learn from Pfizer's torcetrapib pipeline failure, which led to a right-sizing of its research and development program and assessments of major M&A opportunities.
States participating in the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation's State Innovation Model Round 2 Model Test are making progress in the areas of payment reform, advanced behavioral health integration and population health infrastructure, according to a report. New York has made the biggest changes, with a new patient-centered medical home model.
Updates to the company's Clara health care platform are trying to make it easier for clinicians to train and adapt deep learning algorithms, while also making the implementation process smoother. It's part of an effort to allow AI technology to plumb deep data sets and be integrated into workflows to allow actual clinical adoption.
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