More than half the deer ticks collected in Suffolk County, N.Y., carried the pathogen that causes Lyme disease, many carried Babesia microti or Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and nearly 25% carried more than one infectious agent, researchers reported in mBio. Polymicrobial infections can complicate diagnosis and exacerbate disease, and clinicians should consider the possibility of more than one infectious organism when evaluating tick-borne infections, researchers said.
Many animals housed in zoos are willing to submit to exams and vaccinations because they know they'll be rewarded with a favorite treat, but some animals are less cooperative, and zoo veterinarians often need to use a long-barreled pistol powered with a CO2 cartridge to deliver a vaccine dart. Many of the vaccines used in zoos were developed for pets or livestock, as zoo animals are vulnerable to many of the same diseases, including distemper, equine encephalitis, West Nile virus and rabies.
Improve your leadership skills by frequently saying 10 phrases such as, "What's possible?", "How can I help?" and "I don't know," writes Dan McCarthy. These phrases help show that you desire to understand, care what others think and seek to praise others, he writes.
Researchers used a cohort of 4,460 Chinese adults with and without diabetes, ages 35 to 75, and found that those whose plasma strontium levels were at least 47.76 µg/L had a 55% reduced likelihood of having type 2 diabetes than those with less than 34.99 µg/L. Published in Clinical Nutrition, findings revealed that having at least 47.76 µg/L of strontium was tied to a 45% lower risk for impaired glucose regulation, compared with strontium levels of less than 34.99 µg/L.
Heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction, with or without diabetes, who took 10 mg of dapagliflozin for 12 weeks experienced clinically significant improvements in N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide or HF-related health status, compared with those on placebo, according to findings published in Circulation and presented at the Heart Failure Society of America Scientific Meeting. Researchers evaluated 263 patients and found that mean NT-proBNP at six weeks and 12 weeks was 1,133 pg/nL and 1,191 pg/nL in the dapagliflozin and placebo groups, respectively.
Patients with type 2 diabetes who drank about 20g of alcohol daily had lower insulin and improved insulin resistance levels, but not lower blood glucose levels, according to a study presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes meeting. Researchers examined 10 previous randomized controlled trials involving 575 patients and found that those who consumed light to moderate amounts of alcohol also had a nearly 9 mg/dL drop in average triglyceride levels.
The Business Roundtable lowered its US economic growth forecast for the year to 2.3%, a decrease from its 2.6% estimate from last quarter. The leader of the group of CEOs from the largest US companies, including a number from the health care sector, said tension related to the trade war with China and a stalled trade agreement with Mexico and Canada were factors in the lower forecast.
The fetal sides of all placentas from 25 nonsmoking women contained black carbon particles, or soot, with the highest placental levels found among those with the greatest pollution exposure during pregnancy, according to a Belgian study in Nature Communications. The researchers said more studies would be needed to show whether the particles can directly reach the fetus.
A US judge has authorized Purdue Pharma to continue operating as it seeks bankruptcy protection and the settlement of more than 2,600 lawsuits concerning its role in the opioid epidemic. Keeping the company in business is seen as an essential part of the settlement.
A study in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease found that older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment who did aerobic exercise four to five times weekly had slower hippocampal degeneration compared with those who did stretching exercises. However, researchers found similar amyloid-beta protein buildup and general brain volume between both groups, who received PET and MRI scans.
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