Write Anne Semmes says she learned from licensed clinical social worker George O'Loughlin of the Department of Human Services in Greenwich, Conn., that hoarding can rise to the level of mental illness. O'Loughlin created a Hoarding Task Force six years ago when a resident's accumulated clutter made it difficult to fight a fire at their home, and the group has 30 cases pending.
Cats at a shelter and in their own homes gravitated toward people who paid attention to them and ignored people who ignored them, researchers reported in Behavioral Processes. "In my opinion, it's very important to go out and try to interact with your cat and see what happens," said lead author Kristyn Vitale.
German researchers conducted a 104-week double-blind study involving 621 adults with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on metformin and found that those who received ertugliflozin experienced reduced fasting plasma glucose, systolic blood pressure and body weight, compared with those on placebo and glimepiride. The findings in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism also showed a lower incidence of symptomatic hypoglycemia among those in the ertugliflozin group than the placebo/glimepiride group.
A study in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation revealed that interdependent tendencies may negatively affect diabetes self-care among type 2 diabetes patients. Japanese researchers surveyed 161 adult diabetes patients, mean age of 65.1, and found that age and emotional support were positively associated with diabetes self-care among men who were younger than 68 years old, while interdependent tendency was negatively correlated with diabetes self-care among women in the same age group.
"Initiative 18|11" from the Society of Actuaries and Kaiser Family Foundation is working on projects aimed at finding ways to reduce health costs. A meeting of health care leaders led to goals that include an analysis of the 5% of people who account for 50% of health costs, an initiative on understanding drug price processes, and a project looking at effects of new technology and care models on cost and quality.
More than 250,000 GoFundMe campaigns related to health care are conducted each year, and CEO Rob Solomon said the prominence of the medical category highlights a broken health care system. Solomon said he did not realize the extent of the need for help when GoFundMe started, but said systemic health care problems should be "solved by the government working properly, and by health care companies working with their constituents."
The market gyrations and the shutdown. The trade wars and global uncertainty. None of the above has squashed the sunny optimism that a group of health care CEOs demonstrated at a roundtable discussion during the annual J.P. Morgan Healthcare Conference in San Francisco last week.
US and Chinese researchers found that the new PET tracer F-18 P3BZA was safe and clearly defined melanoma tumors in individuals with suspected melanoma. The tracer, described in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine, "may improve melanoma and metastasis detection and help guide therapeutic planning for melanoma patients," study co-author Zhen Cheng said.
A study in The Lancet Neurology showed that frailty and Alzheimer's disease pathology had independent correlations with Alzheimer's dementia in older adults. Researchers also found that the significant association between frailty and Alzheimer's pathology persisted even after omitting daily activities from frailty index variables and controlling for the effects of frailty and Alzheimer's pathology-related risk factors.
Pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma survivors had about 14 times increased odds of developing a second, different cancer in adulthood, compared with the general population, researchers reported in the journal Cancer. The findings also showed that the risk of breast cancer was highest among girls who received chest radiotherapy between ages 10 and 17, and lung cancer risk was greatest among boys who underwent chest radiotherapy before age 10.
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