A study in Neurology showed that midlife cognitive activity was associated with a reduced total dementia and Alzheimer's disease risk, while midlife physical activity was linked to lower odds of dementia with cerebrovascular disease and mixed dementia. The findings, based on a Swedish registry study of 800 women ages 38 to 54, also showed a correlation between physical activity in midlife and reduced total dementia risk, after excluding those who had dementia before 1990.
The Alzheimer's Foundation of America's Education and Resource Center in New York City hosts monthly therapy dog sessions in partnership with The Good Dog Foundation for patients and their caregivers, family and friends. AFA Director of Educational and Social Services Molly Fogel says therapy animals provide love, comfort and stimulation, particularly for patients who are otherwise disengaged.
Five enterovirus-A viruses were among the 129 viruses that were more prevalent in the gut of children with islet autoimmunity, which often leads to type 1 diabetes development later in life, compared with similarly aged children, according to a study in Scientific Reports. Australian researchers collected blood and stool samples from 93 children without type 1 diabetes but at least one relative who had the condition and found that enteroviruses could trigger autoimmunity in the cells that help regulate blood glucose by spreading from the gut into the pancreas.
Short-term use of intravenous unacylated ghrelin infusion does not affect insulin sensitivity or substrate metabolism, according to a randomized double-blind and placebo-controlled crossover study involving 10 men with type 2 diabetes, mean age of 52.4. The findings in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism also revealed that unacylated ghrelin infusion did not affect energy expenditure, glucose oxidation, lipolysis, nonoxidative glucose disposal or respiratory exchange rate.
A study in the Journal of Diabetes showed that women with folate levels of 12.2 ng/mL or more and vitamin B12 levels of 306 pg/mL or less during pregnancy were at a higher risk for gestational diabetes, compared with those who had lower folate and higher vitamin B12 levels. Chinese researchers recruited 406 pregnant women, mean age of 29.4, and found a greater gestational diabetes risk among older women with lower vitamin B12 concentrations, higher folate concentrations and higher folate to vitamin B12 ratios, compared with younger women with lower levels of each factor.
Hygieia's d-Nav platform, a mobile app used by type 2 diabetes patients to determine their insulin doses, has received 510(k) clearance from the FDA. The d-Nav platform is the first insulin-titration app that can connect to any blood glucose meter that shares data with the cloud and the first insulin-management phone app that can calculate all types of insulin regimens based on individual doses.
Pfizer and Ochsner Health System will jointly develop digital tools to improve access to clinical trials. The partnership did a "proof of value" project, using Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resource standards to transfer simulated patient data from Ochsner's EHR to Pfizer's data capture system.
The 4-year-old Innovation and Growth Fund created by the city of Sacramento, Calif., landed its first big company, Missouri-based health insurer Centene, which will build a West Coast headquarters and receive financial incentives based on jobs. Centene CEO Michael Neidorff said Sacramento was chosen because the company has a substantial number of members in California, the city is the state capital and there is a strong economic base.
Initiatives to recruit and retain physicians in rural areas were outlined at a National Rural Health Association conference focused on engagement and innovation. Ben Anderson of Kearny County Hospital in Western Kansas talked about keeping doctors engaged in the community, and Dr. Kathleen Quinn of the University of Missouri School of Medicine said the MU Rural Track Pipeline Program sends medical students to train at rural hospitals to help prepare them to live in the community.
An analysis data from the Human Mortality Database and the World Health Organization Mortality Database showed the US has the highest drug overdose death rate among 18 high-income countries, with US rates growing more than threefold over the last 20 years amid the opioid crisis. The findings, published in Population and Development Review, showed overdose deaths in the US are contributing to the life expectancy gap between the US and other wealthy nations, accounting for 12% of the gap among men and 8% among women.
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