A judge dismissed a petition from a group of five parents seeking to lift the mandatory measles, mumps and rubella vaccination order recently imposed in certain Brooklyn neighborhoods by New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio. Judge Lawrence Knipel sided with municipal health officials, who said the order is a necessary step to stem a surge in measles cases, especially among children from Orthodox Jewish communities.
Japanese researchers found that dopamine transporter SPECT-derived striatal specific binding ratio in the brain's substantia nigra pars compacta had a higher receiver operating characteristic area under the curve in distinguishing individuals with early-stage Parkinson's disease from those with advanced stage Parkinson's, compared with neuromelanin MRI-derived signal-to-noise ratio in the SNpc. The findings in the American Journal of Roentgenology "are consistent with the results of previous studies indicating that DAT SPECT provides a quantitative biomarker for the severity of nigrostriatal dopaminergic degeneration in PD," researchers wrote.
Mouse models with Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease, and zebrafish with dementia that were given the hypertension drug felodipine had reduced protein aggregate buildup, as well as fewer disease symptoms, UK researchers reported in Nature Communications. The findings suggest the efficacy of felodipine in slowing the progression of neurodegenerative diseases, but human trials are needed, researchers said.
Studies with positive titles and findings had higher mean monthly citation rates, compared with those with neutral or negative titles and findings, according to a study in the American Journal of Roentgenology. Researchers said such preferential citations in imaging studies may prompt overrepresentation of some studies in journals, as well as the overestimation of diagnostic tests' perceived accuracy or usefulness.
A flaw in the DICOM image format used to store and exchange medical device images could increase the risk of the imaging files being infected with malicious code without altering the original patient data, allowing the malware to stay hidden behind images that are HIPAA-compliant. "Once this occurs, incident response teams and A/V [antivirus] software cannot delete the malware file as it contains protected patient health information," according to Cylera security researcher Markel Picado Ortiz.
The ambassador behind the Tempe, Ariz., Book Bike Program is urging social work students at Arizona State University to join the local public library's outreach lending service to the homeless and others in need. "I think this would be the perfect place for (students) to volunteer their time because it does give them that experience in meeting homeless people and understanding that they're not scary," says ambassador Sean King.
Partisan wrangling and cultural misunderstanding conspire to undermine the physical and mental health of immigrants by aggravating uncertainty and limiting access to services, a new study by the University of Washington indicates. "When you're scared, when you feel the world is so anti-you, you might not go to see a doctor, you might not engage in preventive behaviors," says Jane Lee, assistant professor of social work.
Fifteen New York City groups representing people in need, along with 35 city council members, are urging Mayor Bill de Blasio to restore $13.9 million for homeless student services that he has removed from the city budget. The funds pay 69 social workers who help a population comprising 10% of the public school enrollment.
An award-winning jail diversion program for people with mental health and drug dependency conditions in Blue Earth County, Minn., will expand across the state if legislators from the area succeed. One bill would allot $150,000 for 11 grants to communities seeking to replicate the Yellow Line Project, provide $50,000 to an existing program and provide tribal nations with access to state resources to replicate the idea.
A study in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology found that glucose screening during pregnancy can help identify future cardiovascular risk among women with and without gestational diabetes. Researchers analyzed data for women in database of the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care of Ontario, Canada, and found that each 1 mmol/L increase in one-hour post-challenge glucose concentration was tied to a 13% increase in cardiovascular disease risk.